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Brain & Nervous System Health Center

Features Related to Brain & Nervous System

  1. Autism Cases on the Rise; Reason for Increase a Mystery

    The number of children diagnosed with autism or related disorders has grown at what many call an alarming rate. In the 1970s and 1980s, about one out of every 2,000 children had autism. Today, the CDC estimates that one in 150 8-year-olds in the U.S. has an autism spectrum disorder, or ASD. This exp

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  2. Autism: Making the Diagnosis

    Diagnosing autism or autism spectrum disorders (ASD), a group of brain-based disorders that become apparent in early childhood, is often no simple task for a number of reasons. No specific medical tests are available to diagnose ASD, so the diagnosis is made based on the observations of parents, phy

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  3. Treating Autism: One Child's Story

    Stories about children with autism are not always happy. But when Debbie Page tells about her son, Gabe, it's a story of hope. The Pages are lucky, in a way: Gabe, born in February 2003, is not as severely impaired as other children with autism. And the Pages, who live outside of Baltimore, are also

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  4. Finding the Right Autism Treatment

    Parents are using nearly 400 different treatments for their children with autism. They can't all be wrong. They can't all be right. Welcome to the shaky ground on which parents find themselves when they learn that their child may -- or may not -- have autism. The pace of scientific research is frust

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  5. Asperger's Syndrome: Secret to Success

    While autism spectrum disorder appears on many radar screens today, this wasn't the case when Temple Grandin was growing up in the 1950s. Grandin, now 60, didn't utter a word until she was 3 1/2 years old. As a result, she was labeled "autistic," and her parents were told she should be institutional

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  6. The Challenges of Raising a Child With Autism

    Looking back, Cori Ayala understands that the signs made sense. Before her son Evan was diagnosed with autism at age 3, he had behaved differently from his older brother, Alex. Evan was happy and affectionate, Ayala says. But "he developed pretty rigid routines that had to be adhered to or he would

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  7. The Emotional Toll of Alzheimer's

    The Oscar-nominated movie Away from Her portrays a long-married couple struggling with Alzheimer's disease and the emotional toll it causes when the wife, played by actress Julie Christie, gives her affection to another man whom she meets in a nursing home. This heart-wrenching and emotional dramati

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  8. Shemar Moore Bikes for MS

    Shemar Moore, best known as FBI special agent Derek Morgan on the hit television drama Criminal Minds and previously as Malcolm Winters on The Young and the Restless, bikes for fun, for exercise, and most of all to raise funds and awareness for multiple sclerosis, a disease his mother has. March is

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  9. Living with Autism: "Losing My Little Boy"

    Nothing could have prepared Nicole Kalkowski for the agony of seeing her once-bubbly and affectionate son, Ryan, slowly slip away from her into the grip of autism.

  10. ADHD: It Can Run in the Family

    Rick Webster's son, Richy, stood out at school -- but not necessarily in a good way. He wasn't doing his homework, he was having combative interactions with teachers, and his grades were suffering as a result. While his classmates had trouble once in a while, Richy's difficulties were constant. Rick

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