A brain hemorrhage is a type of stroke. It's caused by an artery in the brain bursting and causing localized bleeding in the surrounding tissues. This bleeding kills brain cells.
The Greek root for blood is hemo. Hemorrhage literally means "blood bursting forth." Brain hemorrhages are also called cerebral hemorrhages, intracranial hemorrhages, or intracerebral hemorrhages. They account for about 13% of strokes.
This type of testing is most often done by a psychologist with special training in this area.
Why It Is Done
This testing gives your doctor an overall picture of how well your brain works. Your doctor can use the results to decide the best treatment or rehabilitation program for you.
Your doctor may recommend this testing if:
You have a disease that can affect the brain, such as:
Alzheimer's disease or other dementia.
You have an injury that may have affected your brain, such as a concussion or a more serious brain injury.
You have a history of drug or alcohol abuse that may have affected your brain.
You have been exposed to poisons, chemicals, or pollution that can cause brain damage.
You have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or problems in school.
Your doctor wants to see how well treatment for one of these diseases, conditions, or injuries is working.
How To Prepare
Talk to your doctor about any concerns you have regarding the need for the test, its risks, how it will be done, or what the results will mean.
Make sure you eat first and are well rested so that being tired or hungry doesn't affect testing.
Remember to bring your glasses or hearing aids if you use them.
How It Is Done
There are many kinds of neuropsychological tests. The ones you take will depend on the particular brain functions that your doctor wants to check.
The tests are meant to test your limits, so don't be discouraged if they seem hard.
Most of the tests involve answering questions or performing tasks. You may be taking some of the tests on a computer, using pencil and paper, or using other objects. Here are some examples of brain functions and some tests that check them: