College Freshmen at Higher Risk of Meningitis
Two recent U.S. studies, one from the CDC and another from the University of Maryland, bear out some of the British findings. Both showed that while rates of meningococcal disease were no higher in college students in general than in other young adults, the rates were three to six times greater among freshmen living in dorms.
James C. Turner, director of student health at the University of Virginia, says the Nottingham study also reaffirms other risk factors that have been identified in the U.S. "The study clearly demonstrates that freshman living in dorms who patronize bars or nightclubs, who are exposed to cigarette smoke, [and] who drink, are at increased risk of coming down with this disease," Turner tells WebMD.
At Nottingham, Neal says, the rate of the disease has been lowered due to an aggressive education program and meningococcal vaccinations. "Informing parents of the risks has been extremely effective," Neal says.
Vaccination rates are way up in the U.S., with 341,000 doses of the vaccine administered in 1999, compared with 13,000 the previous year, says Turner, who is also chairman of the Vaccine Preventable Diseases Task Force at the American College Health Association.
One university that offers the meningococcal vaccine is the University of Georgia. According to officials there, the vaccine produces protection against meningococcal infection in seven to 10 days and is effective for three to five years. It costs $60.
Turner says that telling young people to stay out of bars and forgo drinking to prevent meningitis won't work.
"Parents need to be realistic," he says. "The best thing is to vaccinate."
- Meningococcal disease, which includes meningitis, strikes about 3,000 Americans each year and is responsible for 300 deaths.
- A new study from the United Kingdom shows that college freshman are at higher risk of contracting meningitis, and the risk goes up with certain behaviors, including drinking in a bar, smoking, being male, and intimate kissing.
- A meningococcal vaccine is available, and experts say that vaccination is the best way to prevent the spread of the disease.