Skip to content
My WebMD Sign In, Sign Up

Restless Legs Syndrome Center

Font Size

Opiate Pain Relievers for Restless Legs Syndrome

Examples

Generic NameBrand Name
hydrocodoneNorco, Vicodin
oxycodoneOxycontin, Percodan
tramadolRyzolt, Ultram

How It Works

Opioids are narcotics and are usually used to relieve pain. It is not known how these medicines relieve symptoms of restless legs syndrome.

Why It Is Used

Opioids are usually used for restless legs syndrome only when other drugs have not relieved symptoms. A doctor will usually prescribe only a small amount at first to see whether it helps.

How Well It Works

Low doses of opioids are sometimes used on an as-needed basis to treat symptoms that appear irregularly.

Side Effects

All medicines have side effects. But many people don't feel the side effects, or they are able to deal with them. Ask your pharmacist about the side effects of each medicine you take. Side effects are also listed in the information that comes with your medicine.

Here are some important things to think about:

  • Usually the benefits of the medicine are more important than any minor side effects.
  • Side effects may go away after you take the medicine for a while.
  • If side effects still bother you and you wonder if you should keep taking the medicine, call your doctor. He or she may be able to lower your dose or change your medicine. Do not suddenly quit taking your medicine unless your doctor tells you to.

Call911or other emergency services right away if you have:

  • Trouble breathing.
  • Swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
  • Signs of an overdose, including:
    • Cold, clammy skin.
    • Confusion.
    • Severe nervousness or restlessness.
    • Severe dizziness, drowsiness, or weakness.
    • Slow breathing.
    • Seizures.

Call your doctor if you have:

  • Hives.
  • A fast, slow, or pounding heartbeat.
  • Increased sweating.
  • Redness or flushing of the face.

Common side effects of this medicine include:

See Drug Reference for a full list of side effects. (Drug Reference is not available in all systems.)

What To Think About

Opiate pain relievers are strong medicines that can be very helpful in treating pain, especially after an injury or surgery. They are safe when you use them exactly as your doctor prescribes. But there is a risk of addiction when you take them for more than a few days. The risk is lower if you follow your doctor's instructions on how to take them. Your risk is slightly higher if you or someone in your family has a history of substance abuse. If you are worried about addiction, talk with your doctor.

Some of these medicines have acetaminophen in them. Check the labels on all of the other nonprescription and prescription medicines that you take. Many medicines contain acetaminophen. Do not take two or more medicines with acetaminophen in them unless your doctor tells you to. Taking too much acetaminophen can be harmful. If you have questions about this, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

Dry mouth is common with these medicines. To help with dry mouth, you can chew sugarless gum, suck on sugarless candy, or melt ice in your mouth. If you continue to have problems with dry mouth after 2 weeks, call your doctor. Dry mouth can lead to tooth decay and gum disease.

Taking medicine

Medicine is one of the many tools your doctor has to treat a health problem. Taking medicine as your doctor suggests will improve your health and may prevent future problems. If you don't take your medicines properly, you may be putting your health (and perhaps your life) at risk.

There are many reasons why people have trouble taking their medicine. But in most cases, there is something you can do. For suggestions on how to work around common problems, see the topic Taking Medicines as Prescribed.

Advice for women

If you are pregnant, breast-feeding, or planning to get pregnant, do not use any medicines unless your doctor tells you to. Some medicines can harm your baby. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, herbs, and supplements. And make sure that all your doctors know that you are pregnant, breast-feeding, or planning to get pregnant.

Checkups

Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.

Complete the new medication information form (PDF)(What is a PDF document?) to help you understand this medication.

ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical ReviewerAnne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical ReviewerKarin M. Lindholm, DO - Neurology
Last RevisedMarch 8, 2013

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: March 08, 2013
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

Today on WebMD

woman stretching leg
ARTICLE
doctor talking to patient
ARTICLE
 
unhappy couple in bed
ARTICLE
woman sleeping in front of computer
TOOL
 
woman asleep foot hanging out
ARTICLE
pharmacist with a client
ARTICLE
 
woman walking her dog
ARTICLE
patient and doctor
ARTICLE