Cochlear Implants and Meningitis - Topic Overview
Children who have
cochlear implants have a higher risk of getting meningitis.1 A cochlear implant is a device is implanted in the
inner ear to treat severe hearing loss that does not improve with hearing
Experts think one or more factors may put some
people with a cochlear implant at higher risk of meningitis than others with an
implant. These include people who have:
- An abnormally formed inner ear.
previous meningitis infection.
- Frequent ear
- A poorly functioning
- Had previous ear or head
Investigators also are looking at whether the design of the
implants contributes to development of meningitis.
To reduce the
risk of getting meningitis, people with cochlear implants should get a pneumococcal vaccine (such as the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine(What is a PDF document?) or the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine(What is a PDF document?).1 Also, some people with
implants had ear infections before they developed meningitis. For this reason,
experts recommend that people with implants receive prompt antibiotic treatment
for ear infections.