Drink plenty of water.
This helps to prevent
dehydration, which can cause confusion and memory
problems. For more information, see the topic
Get plenty of rest. Being
tired can impair your memory.
Do not smoke or use other tobacco
products. Tobacco products decrease blood flow to the brain, raise blood
pressure, and increase your risk of stroke. For more information, see the topic
Regular exercise can improve the blood flow to your brain. For more
information, see the topic
Reduce your stress. Being anxious
can impair your memory. For more information, see the topic
Socialize with family
and friends. Research has shown that people who regularly get together with
family or friends are less likely to lose mental function. Socializing also
helps you stay connected with your community.
Try to learn new
things. This may help increase your attention span and ability to
Play stimulating mind games, such as Scrabble, or do a
crossword puzzle or word jumble.
use of nonprescription medicines. Overuse of medicines may be the single
biggest cause of memory loss or confusion in older adults.
your blood pressure at or below 130/85 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).
Untreated high blood pressure can cause memory problems and affect
problem-solving abilities. If you have been diagnosed with high blood pressure,
take your medicines as directed. For more information, see the topic
High Blood Pressure.