Dementia: Medicines to Treat Behavior Changes - Topic Overview
Other medicines that may be used
to treat agitation include trazodone or a selective serotonin reuptake
inhibitor (SSRI) such as fluoxetine (Prozac), sertraline (Zoloft), citalopram
(Celexa), or escitalopram (Lexapro). But research on the effectiveness of these
medicines in Alzheimer's disease and other dementias is limited.
FDA advisory. The U.S. Food and Drug
Administration (FDA) has issued an
advisory on antidepressant medicines and the risk of
suicide. The FDA does not recommend that people stop using these medicines.
Instead, a person taking antidepressants should be watched for
warning signs of suicide. This is especially important
at the beginning of treatment or when the doses are changed.
See Drug Reference for more information about all of these
medicines. (Drug Reference is not available in all systems.)