Living With a Spinal Cord Injury - Bladder Care
A number of medicines are available to
help you manage your bladder. These include:
- Anticholinergics, such as oxybutynin and
propantheline, which calm the bladder muscles. They may prevent uncontrollable
bladder spasms that force urine out of the bladder.
- Cholinergics, such as bethanechol, which can help the bladder
to squeeze, forcing out urine. When cholinergics are used, other medicines may also be used to help relax the muscles that hold urine in the bladder. These include alpha-blockers (for example, terazosin) and botulinum toxin.
Research continues on bladder management. New methods
include surgically implanted components that stimulate the bladder through a
Note: Bladder problems can
autonomic dysreflexia, which causes sudden very
high blood pressure and headaches. If not treated
promptly and correctly, it may lead to
stroke, and even death. These complications are rare, but it's important to know the
symptoms and watch for them.