Eat a balanced diet. A balanced, low-fat diet
with ample sources of vitamins B6, B12, and folate will help protect the
nervous system. Make sure that your diet contains lots of fresh fruits,
vegetables, and whole grains.
Drink plenty of water and other
fluids. This helps prevent
dehydration, which can cause confusion and memory
To prevent dehydration during hot weather and
exercise, drink 8 to 10 glasses of water, rehydration drinks, or other fluids
Drink extra water before, during, and after
exercise. Take a container of water or sports drink
with you when you exercise, and try to drink at least every 15 to 20
Use a sports drink, such as Gatorade or Powerade, if you
will be exercising for longer than 1 hour.
Limit your intake of
caffeinated drinks, such as coffee and colas, which increase dehydration and
can affect sleep.
Exercise regularly. Talk to your doctor about an
exercise plan that will be right for you.
Do not smoke or use other
tobacco products. For more information, see the topic Quitting Smoking.
Get plenty of rest.
Do not use
alcohol or illegal drugs, which can affect functioning long after
Take care of health conditions that may cause decreased
nervous system functioning, such as: