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    Transverse Myelitis

    Important
    It is possible that the main title of the report Transverse Myelitis is not the name you expected.

    Disorder Subdivisions

    • Ascending Myelitis
    • Brown-Sequard Syndrome
    • Concussion Myelitis
    • Foix-Alajouanine Myelitis
    • Subacute Necrotizing Myelitis
    • Funicular Myelitis
    • Systemic Myelitis

    General Discussion

    Summary
    Transverse myelitis (TM) is a rare inflammatory disease causing injury to the spinal cord with varying degrees of weakness, sensory alterations, and autonomic dysfunction (the part of the nervous system that controls involuntary activity, such as the heart, breathing, the digestive system, and reflexes).

    Introduction
    The first cases of acute myelitis were described in 1882 and were attributed to vascular lesions and acute inflammatory events. In England between 1922 and 1923 more than 200 postvaccinial cases were noted as complications of the smallpox and rabies vaccines. Later reports revealed that TM was post-infectious in nature, and agents including measles, rubella and mycoplasma were directly isolated from patient's spinal fluid. The term "acute transverse myelitis" was first used by an English neurologist in 1948 to describe a case of rapidly progressive paraparesis with a thoracic sensory level, occurring as a postinfectious complication of pneumonia. The Transverse Myelitis Consortium Working Group delineated diagnostic criteria for disease-associated TM and idiopathic TM along with a framework to differentiate TM from non-inflammatory myelopathies in 2002.

    Resources

    Transverse Myelitis Association
    1787 Sutter Parkway
    Powell, OH 43065-8806
    USA
    Tel: (614)766-1806
    Email: info@myelitis.org
    Internet: http://www.myelitis.org

    Spinal Cord Society
    19051 County Hwy. 1
    Fergus Falls, MN 56537
    USA
    Tel: (218)739-5252
    Fax: (218)739-5262
    Email: scs-nc@nc.rr.com
    Internet: http://www.spinalcordsociety.com

    Academy of Spinal Cord Injury Professionals, Inc.
    206 South Sixth Street, Springfield, IL 62701
    Springfield, IL 62701
    USA
    Tel: (217)753-1190
    Fax: (217)525-1271
    Email: acheatham@firminc.com
    Internet: http://www.academyscipro.org/

    National Spinal Cord Injury Association
    75-20 Astoria Blvd
    Jackson Heights, NY 11370
    USA
    Tel: (718)803-3782
    Tel: (800)962-9629
    Email: info@spinalcord.org
    Internet: http://www.spinalcord.org

    NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
    P.O. Box 5801
    Bethesda, MD 20824
    Tel: (301)496-5751
    Fax: (301)402-2186
    Tel: (800)352-9424
    TDD: (301)468-5981
    Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

    Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation
    636 Morris Turnpike, Suite 3A
    Short Hills, NJ 07078
    USA
    Tel: (973)379-2690
    Fax: (973)912-9433
    Tel: (800)225-0292
    Email: prc@ChristopherReeve.org
    Internet: http://www.christopherreeve.org

    Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
    PO Box 8126
    Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
    Tel: (301)251-4925
    Fax: (301)251-4911
    Tel: (888)205-2311
    TDD: (888)205-3223
    Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

    For a Complete Report:

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

    The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

    It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

    This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

    For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

    Last Updated: 9/13/2012
    Copyright 1988, 1989, 1996, 2004, 2012 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

    WebMD Medical Reference from the National Organization for Rare Disorders

    Last Updated: May 28, 2015
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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