The Latest in Breast Cancer Detection
New breast screening technologies are offering women more individualized care -- and a better chance at survival.
Risk and Screening: The New Links continued...
Smith, who directs the program at the NYU Cancer Institute, tells WebMD that knowing your risk factors is one way to ensure you get the appropriate screenings at the correct stages of your life.
"Thanks to programs like this, we have begun to understand family history in a much better way -- what is really relevant, what needs to be included and considered, what points to a specific genetic mutation or inherited syndrome -- and most importantly, what other types of cancer in the family put a woman at risk for breast cancer and what we can do to monitor those risks appropriately," says Smith.
Of course proper screening is crucial in detecting breast cancer. Though mammogram remains the most recommended choice, there are a number of newer options out there.
When it comes to advances in screening technology itself, some experts say digital mammography is at the top of the list.
In much the way digital cameras changed the face of our family photo album, doctors say that so, too, does digital mammography have the potential to reshape the face of breast imaging.
"The experience for the woman -- and the machine itself -- are largely the same; but what the digital does is allow contrast manipulations and other types of computerized enhancements to give us a better, clearer picture of what is going on in the breast," says Lee.
Experts like Etta Pisano, MD, who directed the largest clinical trail to date on digital mammography, says this clearer picture will help doctors discover many more cancers at an earlier, more easily treated stage.
"We did both digital and film mammograms with a year follow-up on 42,760 women -- and we found that digital mammography was better at finding cancers in women under age 50, in women with dense breasts, and in pre- and perimenopausal women," says Pisano, director of breast imaging at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine.
Though there are no studies showing digital mammography saves lives, Pisano tells WebMD that "the kind of cancers we found are the kind that kill women, so we're pretty sure digital mammography has lifesaving potential."
On the downside, it doesn't provide any advantage for postmenopausal women -- those with the highest rate of breast cancercancer. And it is expensive, with equipment costing up to five times that of traditional mammography. That said, Lee explains that for the right woman, it can make an enormous difference.