When a breast exam or mammogram indicates something suspicious, doctors refer patients for a procedure called a biopsy. During this procedure, a small sample of cells or tissue from the affected area is collected using surgery, needles, or other techniques. After the sample is removed, it is sent to a pathology lab for testing.
If the test results indicate cancer was found, you may want to seek a second opinion to confirm the diagnosis. Before getting a second opinion, you may want to contact your insurance company to find out what your policy covers.
When Elizabeth Edwards announced in March that her breast cancer had
returned, her peers -- other breast cancer survivors -- expressed a range of
emotions. Topping the list was empathy for Edwards, whose cancer had spread to
her bones. There was also pride in her bravery: She chose to be open and honest
about an intensely personal health issue. Others found themselves reliving
their own diagnoses. And, of course, many could not help but give way to
gnawing worry about their own health. Edwards'...
First, ask your doctor for a referral to a breast cancer specialist, or call hospitals or medical centers that treat breast cancer. The National Cancer Institute has designated some centers as providing state-of-the-art, up-to-date cancer treatment. A list of these centers can be obtained by contacting the Cancer Information Service at 1-800-422-6237. Get the names of several doctors and hospitals that offer the newest, most effective treatments and have the most experience in treating breast cancer.
When seeking a second opinion, you'll want the doctor to make sure the initial diagnosis is based on expert pathology at an institution experienced in identifying different types of cancers and disease stages.
When you have cancer, getting the right treatment the first time is very important. You'll want to ask the second opinion doctor to evaluate the treatment planned for you to ensure it is the latest therapy with the best chance of effectively treating the type of cancer you have.
Here are some questions to consider when seeking a second opinion for breast cancer:
Are the physicians who treat and diagnose breast cancer board-certified?
Is the hospital accredited by the Joint Committee on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations and the American College of Surgery?
Does the American College of Radiology Mammography Accreditation Program accredit the mammography facility?
Has the hospital been positively and consistently recognized for medical excellence and leadership?
How many women are treated for breast cancer at the hospital each year?
How many mammograms are performed each year at this facility?
How many stereotactic breast biopsies are performed each year?
How many surgical procedures to treat breast cancer are performed each year?
How many women have radiation therapy or chemotherapy for breast cancer at this center?
Range of Services
Is help available in a full range of specialties?
Does the hospital offer a variety of options for diagnosing and treating breast cancer?
Participation in Research and Education
Is the hospital associated with a teaching program?
Does the hospital have fully accredited residency training programs in specialties related to breast cancer care?
Does the hospital conduct basic research or clinical trials related to breast cancer?
How satisfied are hospitalized patients with their experience at this facility?
How satisfied are outpatients with their experience at this facility?
Is there a program to help patients and their families with the difficulties that may arise during a hospital stay?
What is the infection rate following breast cancer surgery at this center?
What is the average length of stay in the hospital for breast cancer surgery and for breast reconstruction?
What percentage of women receives breast-conserving surgery (lumpectomy or partial mastectomy)?
What is the center's success rate for breast reconstruction?