You will have a cystoscopy, a test that allows your doctor to look at your bladder with a thin, lighted tube. The doctor can use the same tube to take small tissue samples (biopsies) of any abnormal areas. The samples will be looked at under a microscope to find out whether cancer cells are present and what the cells look like.
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Stage 0 bladder cancer is defined by the following TNM classifications:
Ta, N0, M0
Tis, N0, M0
Patients with stage 0 bladder tumors can be cured by a variety of treatments,...
Bladder cancer is classified by
stage and grade. The stage is determined by the
cancer growth in the bladder wall and how far it has spread to nearby tissues
and other organs, such as the lungs, the liver, or the bones. The grade of
bladder cancer is determined by how the cancer cells look in comparison with
normal bladder cells.
Your doctor finds out the stage and grade of
your bladder cancer by gathering information from several tests, including: