Bladder Cancer - Medications
Medicines may be used to control the growth
bladder cancer cells and to relieve symptoms.
These medicines may be taken by mouth, injected
into a vein (intravenous, or IV), or delivered directly into the bladder using a catheter.
ChemotherapyChemotherapy uses medicines to destroy cancer cells.
ImmunotherapyImmunotherapy, also called biological therapy, uses medicines
that cause your body's
immune system to attack cancer cells in your bladder.
It is most often used for early-stage bladder cancer. It may also be used after a transurethral resection (TUR) to help keep cancer from coming back.
- Gemcitabine and
- MVAC, a combination of
methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and
- Mitomycin, which may be used to help keep cancer from coming back
Side effects of chemotherapy may
- Loss of appetite, nausea, or vomiting.
- Hair loss.
- Mouth sores.
- An increased risk of infection.
- Skin peeling or a rash from mitomycin.
Some people may need
medicines to control nausea and vomiting.
Side effects of immunotherapy vary
depending on the medicine.
Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is a type of bacteria related to the bacteria that cause tuberculosis (TB). BCG is used in TB vaccines. Also, BCG is placed into the bladder to treat bladder cancer. With BCG, the side effects
- Joint pain.
- Inflammation of the prostate.
- Disseminated tuberculosis.