Smoking. Cigarette smokers are much more
likely than other people to get bladder cancer.
Chemical exposure. Bladder cancer has been linked to chemicals
called aromatic amines. These chemicals are found in many products, including dyes, paints,
solvents, inks, and the dust from leather. This risk may also depend on how
much and how often a person was exposed to these chemicals.
Being older. Your risk goes up as you get older. Most people
who get bladder cancer are close to their 70s.
Being a white male. Men are 4 times more likely to get bladder cancer than women. And white men are twice as likely to get it as African-American men.1
Some cancer treatments, such as radiation therapy to the belly or pelvis.