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Bladder Cancer Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Bladder Cancer

  1. Bladder Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage 0 Bladder Cancer Treatment

    Standard Treatment Options for Stage 0 Bladder CancerPatients with stage 0 bladder tumors can be cured by a variety of treatments, even though the tendency for new tumor formation is high. In a series of patients with Ta or T1 tumors who were followed for a minimum of 20 years or until death, the risk of bladder cancer recurrence after initial resection was 80%.[1] Of greater concern than recurrence is the risk of progression to muscle-invasive, locally-advanced, or metastatic bladder cancer. While progression is rare for patients with low-grade tumors, it is common among patients with high-grade cancers. One series of 125 patients with TaG3 cancers followed for 15 to 20 years reported that 39% progressed to more advanced-stage disease while 26% died of urothelial cancer. In comparison, among 23 patients with TaG1 tumors, none died and only 5% progressed.[2] Risk factors for recurrence and progression are the following:[2,3,4,5,6]High-grade disease.Presence of

  2. Bladder Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage IV Bladder Cancer Treatment

    Currently, only a small fraction of patients with stage IV bladder cancer can be cured and for many patients, the emphasis is on palliation of symptoms. The potential for cure is restricted to patients with stage IV disease with involvement of pelvic organs by direct extension or metastases to regional lymph nodes.[1]Standard Treatment Options for Stage IV Bladder CancerStandard treatment options for patients with T4b, N0, M0 or any T, N1–N3, M0 diseaseTreatment options for patients with T4b, N0, M0 or any T, N1–N3, M0 disease include the following:Chemotherapy alone.Radical cystectomy.Radical cystectomy followed by chemotherapy.Radical cystectomy alone.External-beam radiation therapy (EBRT) with or without concomitant chemotherapy.Urinary diversion or cystectomy for palliation.Chemotherapy aloneCisplatin-based combination chemotherapy regimens are the standard of care for stage IV bladder cancer.[2,3,4,5,6] The only chemotherapy regimens that have been

  3. Bladder Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - To Learn More About Bladder Cancer

    For more information from the National Cancer Institute about bladder cancer, see the following:Bladder Cancer Home PageWhat You Need to Know About™ Bladder CancerBladder and Other Urothelial Cancers ScreeningUnusual Cancers of ChildhoodDrugs Approved for Bladder CancerBiological Therapies for CancerSmoking Home Page (Includes help with quitting)For general cancer information and other resources from the National Cancer Institute, see the following:What You Need to Know About™ CancerUnderstanding Cancer Series: CancerCancer StagingChemotherapy and You: Support for People With CancerRadiation Therapy and You: Support for People With CancerCoping with Cancer: Supportive and Palliative CareQuestions to Ask Your Doctor About CancerCancer LibraryInformation For Survivors/Caregivers/Advocates

  4. Bladder Cancer Clinical Trials

    Here are resources for those with bladder cancer who are interested in participating in a clinical trial.

  5. Suprapubic Catheter Care - Topic Overview

    What is a suprapubic catheter?A suprapubic catheter is a thin, sterile tube used to drain urine from your bladder when you cannot urinate. This type of catheter is used if you aren't able to use a catheter that is inserted into the urethra. The urethra carries urine from the bladder out of the body.Your doctor inserts the catheter into the bladder through a cut (incision) in your lower belly, just above the pubic bone.When the catheter is in the bladder, a small balloon is inflated to keep the catheter in place. The urine drains from the bladder into a bag that is usually attached to the thigh. Sometimes the catheter tube has a valve that lets you drain the urine into the toilet or other container. You may need this type of catheter if you have nerve damage or if you have problems with your bladder or urethra.How long you have the catheter depends on why you have it. Many people need it for long periods of time. Having a catheter for a long time increases the risk of getting a urinary

  6. Understanding Bladder Cancer -- Symptoms

    WebMD's guide to the symptoms of bladder cancer.

  7. Understanding Bladder Cancer -- Prevention

    WebMD's guide to reducing your risk of developing bladder cancer.

  8. Understanding Bladder Cancer -- Diagnosis and Treatment

    Learn about bladder cancer diagnosis and treatments from the experts at WebMD.

  9. Understanding Bladder Cancer -- the Basics

    WebMD's guide to bladder cancer basics.

  10. Get More Information From NCI

    This PDQ cancer information summary for health professionals provides comprehensive, peer-reviewed, evidence-based information about Bladder and Other Urothelial Cancers screening.

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