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Bladder Cancer Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Bladder Cancer

  1. Bladder Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - nci_ncicdr0000062705-nci-header

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http://cancer.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.Bladder Cancer Treatment

  2. Urethral Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Treatment Option Overview

    Information about the treatment of urethral cancer and the outcomes of therapy is derived from retrospective, single-center case series and represents a very low level of evidence of 3iiiDiv. The majority of this information comes from the small numbers of cases accumulated over many decades at major academic centers. Therefore, the treatment in these reports is usually not standardized and the treatment also spans eras of shifting supportive care practices. Because of the rarity of urethral cancer, its treatment may also reflect extrapolation from the management of other urothelial malignancies, such as bladder cancer in the case of transitional cancers, and anal cancer in the case of squamous cell carcinomas. Role of SurgerySurgery is the mainstay of therapy for urethral cancers in both women and men.[Level of evidence: 3iiiDiv] The surgical approach depends on tumor stage and anatomic location, and tumor grade plays a less important role in treatment decisions.[1,2] Although the

  3. Bladder Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage Information for Bladder Cancer

    The clinical staging of carcinoma of the bladder is determined by the depth of invasion of the bladder wall by the tumor. This determination requires a cystoscopic examination that includes a biopsy and examination under anesthesia to assess the following:Size and mobility of palpable masses.Degree of induration of the bladder wall.Presence of extravesical extension or invasion of adjacent organs.Clinical staging, even when computed tomographic (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and other imaging modalities are used, often underestimates the extent of tumor, particularly in cancers that are less differentiated and more deeply invasive. CT imaging is the standard staging modality. A clinical benefit from obtaining MRI or positron emission tomography scans rather than CT imaging has not been demonstrated.[1,2]AJCC Stage Groupings and TNM DefinitionsThe American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) has designated staging by TNM classification to define bladder

  4. Bladder Cancer Clinical Trials

    Here are resources for those with bladder cancer who are interested in participating in a clinical trial.

  5. Understanding Bladder Cancer -- Diagnosis and Treatment

    Learn about bladder cancer diagnosis and treatments from the experts at WebMD.

  6. Understanding Bladder Cancer -- the Basics

    WebMD's guide to bladder cancer basics.

  7. Suprapubic Catheter Care - Topic Overview

    What is a suprapubic catheter?A suprapubic catheter is a thin, sterile tube used to drain urine from your bladder when you cannot urinate. This type of catheter is used if you aren't able to use a catheter that is inserted into the urethra. The urethra carries urine from the bladder out of the body.Your doctor inserts the catheter into the bladder through a cut (incision) in your lower belly, just above the pubic bone.When the catheter is in the bladder, a small balloon is inflated to keep the catheter in place. The urine drains from the bladder into a bag that is usually attached to the thigh. Sometimes the catheter tube has a valve that lets you drain the urine into the toilet or other container. You may need this type of catheter if you have nerve damage or if you have problems with your bladder or urethra.How long you have the catheter depends on why you have it. Many people need it for long periods of time. Having a catheter for a long time increases the risk of getting a urinary

  8. Understanding Bladder Cancer -- Symptoms

    WebMD's guide to the symptoms of bladder cancer.

  9. Understanding Bladder Cancer -- Prevention

    WebMD's guide to reducing your risk of developing bladder cancer.

  10. Bladder Cancer - Other Treatment

    Radiation treatment for bladder cancer uses high - energy X - rays to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors.

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