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Bladder and Other Urothelial Cancers Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Overview

Note: Separate PDQ summaries on Bladder Cancer Treatment and Levels of Evidence for Cancer Screening and Prevention Studies are also available.

Benefits

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Understanding Bladder Cancer -- Prevention

To prevent bladder cancer, your best bet is to avoid possible carcinogens, or cancer-causing substances. For starters, don't smoke. Eat smoked or cured meats only occasionally and prepare fresh rather than processed foods. Research also suggests that there is a reduced incidence of bladder cancer among people with adequate vitamin B-6, beta-carotene, and selenium in their diets. If you work around carcinogenic chemicals, follow safety guidelines to avoid undue exposure. And if you feel you may be...

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There is inadequate evidence to determine whether screening for bladder and other urothelial cancers has an impact on mortality.

Description of the Evidence

  • Study Design: There are no studies that directly address this question.
  • Internal Validity: Not applicable (N/A).
  • Consistency: N/A.
  • Magnitude of Effects on Health Outcomes: N/A.
  • External Validity: N/A.

Harms

Based on fair evidence, screening for bladder and other urothelial cancers would result in unnecessary diagnostic procedures with attendant morbidity.

Description of the Evidence

  • Study Design: Opinions of respected authorities based on clinical experience, descriptive studies, or reports of expert committees.
  • Internal Validity: N/A.
  • Consistency: N/A.
  • Magnitude of Effects on Health Outcomes: Good evidence for rare harms.
  • External Validity: N/A.

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

    WebMD Public Information from the National Cancer Institute

    Last Updated: September 04, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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