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Bladder and Other Urothelial Cancers Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Overview

Note: Separate PDQ summaries on Bladder Cancer Treatment and Levels of Evidence for Cancer Screening and Prevention Studies are also available.

Benefits

Recommended Related to Bladder Cancer

Understanding Bladder Cancer -- Diagnosis and Treatment

To diagnose bladder cancer, your doctor completes a thorough medical history and examination. You will then be referred to a urologist, a physician who has special training in managing diseases of the bladder. The first test the urologist may perform is an intravenous pyelogram (IVP), followed by a cystoscopy. During a cystoscopy, the urologist will pass a cystoscope (a fiber-optic lighted tube) through the urethra in order to view the bladder. A urine sample for cytology will be obtained and a...

Read the Understanding Bladder Cancer -- Diagnosis and Treatment article > >

There is inadequate evidence to determine whether screening for bladder and other urothelial cancers has an impact on mortality.

Description of the Evidence

  • Study Design: There are no studies that directly address this question.
  • Internal Validity: Not applicable (N/A).
  • Consistency: N/A.
  • Magnitude of Effects on Health Outcomes: N/A.
  • External Validity: N/A.

Harms

Based on fair evidence, screening for bladder and other urothelial cancers would result in unnecessary diagnostic procedures with attendant morbidity.

Description of the Evidence

  • Study Design: Opinions of respected authorities based on clinical experience, descriptive studies, or reports of expert committees.
  • Internal Validity: N/A.
  • Consistency: N/A.
  • Magnitude of Effects on Health Outcomes: Good evidence for rare harms.
  • External Validity: N/A.

    WebMD Public Information from the National Cancer Institute

    Last Updated: September 04, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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