Prognosis is determined both by the anatomical location of the neoplasm, the size, and the depth of invasion of the primary tumor. The histology of the primary tumor is of less importance in determining response to therapy and survival.
Note: Some citations in the text of this section are followed by a level of evidence. The PDQ editorial boards use a formal ranking system to help the reader judge the strength of evidence linked to the reported results of a therapeutic strategy. (Refer to the PDQ summary on Levels of Evidence for more information.)
Stage 0 bladder cancer is defined by the following TNM classifications:
Ta, N0, M0
Tis, N0, M0
Patients with stage 0 bladder tumors can be cured by a variety of treatments,...