Problems from a bone biopsy are rare. There is
a very small chance that the biopsy needle may break (fracture) the bone or
injure a nerve, blood vessel, or organ near the biopsy site. Surgery may be
needed to treat the problem.
There is a very small chance for a
skin infection or for the bone to become infected (osteomyelitis) or to not
heal well. In rare cases, the bone may become weak and break (fracture) at a
If you take a blood-thinning medicine (such as aspirin, clopidogrel, or warfarin) or if you
have a bleeding disorder, you may have more chance of bleeding from the biopsy
site. Also, some tumors or bone conditions can cause more bleeding after a
biopsy. Your doctor will talk to you about getting clotting factors before this
biopsy to lower your chance of bleeding.
After the biopsy
Call your doctor immediately if:
- The biopsy site continues to bleed.
- You have signs of infection. These signs may include:
- Increased pain, swelling, redness, or
warmth around the affected area.
- Red streaks spreading from the
- Drainage of pus from the area.
lymph nodes in the neck, armpit, or groin.
- Fever or chills.
A bone biopsy is a procedure in which a
small sample of bone is taken from the body and looked at under a microscope
for cancer, infection, or other bone disorders. It may take several days to get
the results because the bone sample needs to be specially prepared for
The biopsy sample shows normal
Bone tissue may show signs of
infection, cancer, or another bone disorder (including
osteomyelitis, a bone cyst, or a noncancerous [benign] bone growth
osteoma). The bone tissue may also show
osteomalacia, which means the bones are
Most cancer of the bone
spreads (metastasizes) to the bone from another part of the body, such as the
prostate, or other organs. But bone cancer can also
start in the bone itself (such as osteosarcoma or Ewing's sarcoma).