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Brain Cancer Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Brain Cancer

  1. Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Axonal Neuropathy

    SCAN1 is a neurodegenerative disorder that is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern. Spinocerebellar ataxia with axonal neuropathy (SCAN1) is characterized by late childhood-onset of a slowly progressive cerebellar ataxia,followed by areflexia and signs of peripheral neuropathy. Gaze nystagmus and cerebellar dysarthria usually develop after the onset of ataxic gait. As the disease ...

  2. About This PDQ Summary

    PURPOSE OF THIS SUMMARY This PDQ cancer information summary for health professionals provides comprehensive,peer-reviewed,evidence-based information about the treatment of childhood ependymoma. It is intended as a resource to inform and assist clinicians who care for cancer patients. It does not provide formal guidelines or recommendations for making health care decisions. REVIEWERS AND ...

  3. General Information About Neuroblastoma Cancer

    Neuroblastoma is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in nerve tissue. Neuroblastoma often begins in the nerve tissue of the adrenal glands. There are two adrenal glands,one on top of each kidney,in the back of the upper abdomen. The adrenal glands make important hormones that help control heart rate,blood pressure,blood sugar,and the way the body reacts to stress. ...

  4. Growth Hormone-Producing Pituitary Tumors Treatment

    Standard Treatment Options for Growth Hormone (GH)-Producing Pituitary TumorsStandard treatment options for GH-producing pituitary tumors include the following:Surgery (usually a transsphenoidal approach).Dopamine analogues, such as bromocriptine.Somatostatin analogues, such as octreotide. The GH-receptor antagonist, pegvisomant.[1,2]Surgery and postoperative radiation therapy.Treatment for patients with acromegaly includes surgical, radiation, and medical therapies.[3] Treatment will depend on the size and extent of the tumor and the need for rapid cessation of hormone function that results in serious clinical sequelae (i.e., hypertension and cardiomyopathy). Microadenomectomy or macroadenoma decompression is approached transsphenoidally in most patients. Increasingly, endoscopic surgery is used to allow the entire surgical field to be viewed and to allow tumor tissue that would otherwise be inaccessible with rigid instruments to be safely resected. Complete return of GH

  5. Arachnoid Cysts

    Important It is possible that the main title of the report Arachnoid Cysts is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report. ...

  6. Histopathologic Classification of Childhood Ependymal Tumors

    In the most recent World Health Organization (WHO) classification of brain tumors,ependymal tumors are classified into four main subtypes:[ 1 ] Subependymoma (WHO Grade I). Myxopapillary ependymoma (WHO Grade I). Ependymoma (WHO Grade II). Variants include cellular,papillary,tanycytic,clear cell,and mixed. Anaplastic (also known as malignant) ependymoma (WHO Grade III). The ...

  7. About This PDQ Summary

    PURPOSE OF THIS SUMMARY This PDQ cancer information summary for health professionals provides comprehensive,peer-reviewed,evidence-based information about the treatment of childhood brain stem glioma. It is intended as a resource to inform and assist clinicians who care for cancer patients. It does not provide formal guidelines or recommendations for making health care decisions. REVIEWERS ...

  8. Stage Information

    There is no generally applied staging system for childhood brain stem gliomas.[ 1,2,3 ] It is uncommon for these tumors to have spread outside the brain stem itself at the time of initial diagnosis. Spread of malignant brain stem tumors is usually contiguous; metastasis via the subarachnoid space has been reported in up to 30% of cases diagnosed antemortem.[ 4 ] Such dissemination may occur ...

  9. General Information About Adult Brain Tumors

    Incidence and MortalityNote: Estimated new cases and deaths from brain and other nervous system tumors in the United States in 2013:[1]New cases: 23,130.Deaths: 14,080.Brain tumors account for 85% to 90% of all primary central nervous system (CNS) tumors.[2] Available registry data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database for 2007 indicate that the combined incidence of primary invasive CNS tumors in the United States is 6.36 per 100,000 persons per year with an estimated mortality of 4.22 per 100,000 persons per year.[3] Worldwide, approximately 238,000 new cases of brain and other CNS tumors were diagnosed in the year 2008, with an estimated 175,000 deaths.[4] In general, the incidence of primary brain tumors is higher in whites than in blacks, and mortality is higher in males than in females.[2]Few definitive observations on environmental or occupational causes of primary CNS tumors have been made.[2] Exposure to vinyl chloride may predispose to the

  10. Treatment Option Overview

    The treatments described in this summary are based on the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) Risk Stratification Schema,which is described in the Stage Information section of this summary. The risk of progression of the tumor causing morbidity and mortality is gauged based on the stage of the tumor,the age of the child at diagnosis,and tumor biology. The biological features considered are the ...

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