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Brain Cancer Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Brain Cancer

  1. Brain Cancer

    Learn more about the basics of brain cancer, including types of tumors, from the experts at WebMD.

  2. Diagnosing Brain Cancer

    Learn about tests used to diagnose brain cancer, including MRI, CT scans, and biopsy.

  3. Treatment Option Overview

    How are adult brain tumors treated? Different types of treatment are available for patients with adult brain tumor. Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment),and some are being tested in clinical trials. Before starting treatment,patients may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. A treatment clinical trial is a research study meant to help improve current ...

  4. Prolactin-Producing Pituitary Tumors Treatment

    Standard Treatment Options for Prolactin (PRL)-Producing Pituitary TumorsStandard treatment options for PRL-producing pituitary tumors include the following:Dopamine agonists, such as cabergoline and bromocriptine.[1,2,3,4,5] Surgery (second-line).[1,2]Radiation therapy (occasionally).[1,2]When the pituitary tumor secretes PRL, treatment will depend on tumor size and the symptoms that result from excessive hormone production. Patients with PRL-secreting tumors are treated with surgery and radiation therapy.[1]Most microprolactinomas and macroprolactinomas respond well to medical therapy with ergot-derived dopamine agonists, including bromocriptine and cabergoline.[2] For many patients, cabergoline has a more satisfactory side effect profile than bromocriptine. Cabergoline therapy may be successful in treating patients whose prolactinomas are resistant to bromocriptine or who cannot tolerate bromocriptine, and this treatment has a success rate of more than 90% in patients with newly

  5. Get More Information From NCI

    Sources of further information about Childhood Ependymoma Treatment.

  6. Get More Information From NCI

    Sources of further information about Neuroblastoma Screening.

  7. Treatment Option Overview

    Many of the improvements in survival in childhood cancer have been made as a result of clinical trials that have attempted to improve on the best available,accepted therapy. Clinical trials in pediatrics are designed to compare new therapy with therapy that is currently accepted as standard. This comparison may be done in a randomized study of two treatment arms or by evaluating a single new ...

  8. Stage Information

    Although there is no formal staging system,ependymomas can be divided into supratentorial and infratentorial tumors. They usually originate in the ependymal linings of ventricles in the posterior fossa or supratentorial region,and have access to the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) and therefore may spread throughout the entire neuraxis. Thirty percent of childhood ependymomas arise outside of the ...

  9. Untreated Childhood Brain Stem Glioma

    Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Gliomas Conventional treatment for children with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is radiation therapy to involved areas. Such treatment will result in transient benefit for most patients,but over 90% of patients will die within 18 months of diagnosis. The conventional dose of radiation therapy ranges between 5,400 cGy and 6,000 cGy given locally to the primary .

  10. Stage Information

    There is no generally applied staging system for childhood brain stem gliomas.[ 1,2,3 ] It is uncommon for these tumors to have spread outside the brain stem itself at the time of initial diagnosis. Spread of malignant brain stem tumors is usually contiguous; metastasis via the subarachnoid space has been reported in up to 30% of cases diagnosed antemortem.[ 4 ] Such dissemination may occur ...

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