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Brain Cancer Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Brain Cancer

  1. Treatment Option Overview

    There are different types of treatment for children with brain stem glioma. Different types of treatment are available for children with brain stem glioma. Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment),and some are being tested in clinical trials. A treatment clinical trial is a research study meant to help improve current treatments or obtain information on new treatments for ...

  2. Get More Information From NCI

    Sources of further information about Childhood Brain Stem Glioma Treatment.

  3. Recurrent Neuroblastoma

    The prognosis and treatment of recurrent or progressive neuroblastoma depends on many factors including initial stage,tumor biological characteristics at recurrence,the site and extent of the recurrence or progression,and on the previous treatment as well as individual patient considerations. In selected patients originally diagnosed with low- or intermediate-risk disease,recurrence may be ...

  4. General Approach to Care for Children with Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors

    Important concepts that should be understood by those treating and caring for a child who has a brain tumor or spinal cord tumor include the following: The cause of most childhood brain tumors remains unknown.[1]Selection of an appropriate therapy can only occur if the correct diagnosis is made and the stage of the disease is accurately determined.Children with primary brain or spinal cord tumors represent a major therapy challenge that, for optimal results, requires the coordinated efforts of pediatric specialists in fields such as neurosurgery, neuropathology, radiation oncology, pediatric oncology, neuro-oncology, neurology, rehabilitation, neuroradiology, endocrinology, and psychology, who have special expertise in the care of patients with these diseases.[2,3] For example, radiation therapy of pediatric brain tumors is technically demanding and should be performed in centers that have experience in this area.For most childhood brain and spinal cord tumors, the optimal treatment

  5. Histopathologic Classification of Childhood Craniopharyngioma

    Craniopharyngiomas are histologically benign and do not metastasize to remote brain locations or to areas outside the sellar region except by direct extension. They may be invasive,however,and may recur locally. They may be classified as adamantinomous or squamous papillary,with the former being the predominant form in children.[ 1 ] They are typically composed of both a solid portion with ...

  6. Treatment Options for Childhood Ependymoma

    Newly Diagnosed Childhood Ependymoma Newly diagnosed childhood ependymoma is a tumor that has not been treated. The patient may have received drugs or treatment,however,to relieve symptoms caused by the tumor. Initial treatment for newly diagnosed childhood ependymoma is usually surgery,with or without additional treatment. After surgery,treatment depends on the age of the child,the ...

  7. Pituitary Carcinomas Treatment

    Standard Treatment Options for Pituitary CarcinomasStandard treatment options for pituitary carcinomas include the following:Surgery.Dopamine agonists, such as bromocriptine, pergolide, quinagolide, and cabergoline, for prolactin (PRL)-producing carcinomas.Somatostatin analogues, such as octreotide, for growth hormone (GH)-producing and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)-producing carcinomas.Adjuvant radiation therapy, which does not appear to change the disease's outcome.Chemotherapy, which is of little benefit.Some reports indicate that as many as 88% of pituitary carcinomas are endocrinologically active, and adrenocorticotrophin hormone-secreting tumors are the most common.[1] Treatments for patients with pituitary carcinomas are palliative, with the mean survival time ranging from 2 years to 2.4 years, though several case reports of long-term survivors have been published.[2,3,4,5]Treatment options for patients with pituitary carcinomas include resection and dopamine agonists for

  8. Treatment Options by Type of Adult Brain Tumor

    Brain Stem Gliomas Treatment of brain stem gliomas may include the following: Hyperfractionated radiation therapy. A clinical trial of new anticancer drugs and/or biologic therapy. Pineal Astrocytic Tumors Treatment of pineal astrocytic tumors may include the following: Surgery and radiation therapy,with or without chemotherapy. A clinical trial of external radiation therapy plus hyperthermia .

  9. Stage Information

    There is no generally applied staging system for childhood craniopharyngiomas. Patients are classified as having newly diagnosed or recurrent disease. ...

  10. General Information About Liver (Hepatocellular) Cancer

    Liver cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the liver.

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