Brain stem gliomas are classified according to their location,radiographic appearance,and histology (when obtained). Brain stem gliomas may occur in the pons,the midbrain,the tectum,the dorsum of the medulla at the cervicomedullary junction,or in multiple regions of the brain stem. The tumor may contiguously involve the cerebellar peduncles,cerebellum and/or thalamus. The majority of ...
General Information About Childhood Ependymoma
Childhood ependymoma is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the brain and spinal cord. The brain controls vital functions such as memory and learning,the senses (hearing,sight,smell,taste,and touch),and emotion. The spinal cord is made up of bundles of nerve fibers that connect the brain with nerves in most parts of the body. About 1 in 11 childhood brain ...
To Learn More About Childhood Brain Tumors
For more information from the National Cancer Institute about childhood brain tumors,see the following: What You Need to Know About™ Brain Tumors Pediatric Brain Tumor Consortium (PBTC) For more childhood cancer information and other general cancer resources from the National Cancer Institute,see the following: What You Need to Know About™ Cancer - An Overview Childhood Cancers CureSearch - ...
Changes to this Summary (04 / 02 / 2013)
The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.General InformationAdded Mazloom et al. as reference 46.Treatment of Childhood Low-Grade AstrocytomasAdded text about the results of a randomized phase III trial (COG-A9952) that treated children younger than 10 years with low-grade chiasmatic/hypothalamic gliomas using one of two regimens: carboplatin and vincristine (CV) or TPCV; the 5-year event-free survival rate for CV was 39% ± 4% and for TPCV was 52% ± 5%.This summary is written and maintained by the PDQ Pediatric Treatment Editorial Board, which is editorially independent of NCI. The summary reflects an independent review of the literature and does not represent a policy statement of NCI or NIH. More information about summary policies and the role of the PDQ Editorial Boards in maintaining the PDQ summaries can be found on the About
Treatment of High-Risk Neuroblastoma
In North America,the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) is investigating a risk-based neuroblastoma treatment plan that assigns all patients to low-risk,intermediate-risk,and high-risk groups based on age,International Neuroblastoma Staging System (INSS) stage,and tumor biology (i.e.,MYCN gene amplification,Shimada classification,and DNA ploidy).[ 1 ] (Risk groups are defined in Table 1 of ...
Stages of Adult Brain Tumors
There is no standard staging system for adult brain tumors. The extent or spread of cancer is usually described as stages. There is no standard staging system for brain tumors. Brain tumors that begin in the brain may spread to other parts of the brain and spinal cord,but they rarely spread to other parts of the body. Treatment of brain tumors is based on the type of cell in which the tumor ...
Treatment of Intermediate-Risk Neuroblastoma
In North America,the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) is investigating a risk-based neuroblastoma treatment plan that assigns all patients to low-risk,intermediate-risk,and high-risk groups based on age,International Neuroblastoma Staging System (INSS) stage,and tumor biology (i.e.,MYCN gene amplification,Shimada classification,and DNA ploidy). (Risk groups are defined in Table 1 of the ...
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To Learn More About Adult Brain Tumors
For more information from the National Cancer Institute about adult brain tumors,see the following: Brain Tumor Home Page What You Need to Know Aboutâ„¢ Brain Tumors National Cancer Institute Brain Tumor Study in Adults: Fact Sheet For general cancer info
This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http://cancer.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.Childhood Astrocytomas Treatment