This World Health Organization grade II astrocytic tumor is less often curable than pilocytic astrocytoma. (Refer to the Diffuse Astrocytoma section in the Classification section of this summary for more information.)
There is no standard staging system for central nervous system atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor.
The extent or spread of cancer is usually described as stages. There is no standard staging system for central nervous systematypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor. This tumor is classified as newly diagnosed or recurrent. Treatment depends on how much cancer remains after surgery and the age of the child. Results from the following procedures are used to plan treatment:
MRI (magnetic resonance...
Surgery plus radiation therapy; however, some controversy exists. Some physicians treat these patients with surgery alone if the patient is younger than 35 years and if the tumor does not contrast-enhance on a computed tomographic scan.[1,2]
Treatment options under clinical evaluation:
Clinical trials are evaluating the effect of adding drugs to local therapy, e.g., radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy for incompletely resected diffuse astrocytomas. Other trials are evaluating the effect of deferring radiation therapy until the time of tumor progression and the effect of high-dose versus low-dose radiation therapy.
Current Clinical Trials
Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with adult diffuse astrocytoma. The list of clinical trials can be further narrowed by location, drug, intervention, and other criteria.
General information about clinical trials is also available from the NCI Web site.
Shaw EG, Daumas-Duport C, Scheithauer BW, et al.: Radiation therapy in the management of low-grade supratentorial astrocytomas. J Neurosurg 70 (6): 853-61, 1989.