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Adult Brain Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Treatment Options by Type of Adult Brain Tumor

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Pineal Parenchymal Tumors

Treatment of pineal parenchymal tumors may include the following:

  • For pineocytomas, surgery and radiation therapy.
  • For pineoblastomas, surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with adult pineal parenchymal tumor. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

Meningeal Tumors

Treatment of grade I meningiomas may include the following:

  • Watchful waiting for tumors with no symptoms.
  • Surgery to remove the tumor. Radiation therapy may also be given if tumor remains after surgery.
  • Radiation therapy for tumors that cannot be removed by surgery.

Treatment of grade II and III meningioma and hemangiopericytoma may include the following:

  • Surgery and radiation therapy.

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with adult meningeal tumor. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

Germ Cell Tumors

There is no standard treatment for germ cell tumors (germinoma, embryonal carcinoma, choriocarcinoma, and teratoma). Treatment depends on what the tumor cells look like under a microscope, the tumor markers, where the tumor is in the brain, and whether it can be removed by surgery.

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with adult central nervous system germ cell tumor. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

Craniopharyngiomas

Treatment of craniopharyngiomas may include the following:

  • Surgery to completely remove the tumor.
  • Surgery to remove as much of the tumor as possible, followed by radiation therapy.

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with adult craniopharyngioma. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

Recurrent Brain Tumors

There is no standard treatment for recurrent brain tumors. Treatment depends on the patient's condition, the expected side effects of the treatment, where the tumor is in the brain, and whether the tumor can be removed by surgery. Treatment may include the following:

  • Surgery to remove the tumor.
  • Chemotherapy with drugs not used to treat the original tumor.
  • Chemotherapy placed into the brain during surgery.
  • Radiation therapy.
  • A clinical trial of a new treatment.
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WebMD Public Information from the National Cancer Institute

Last Updated: February 25, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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