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    Childhood Brain Stem Glioma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Stages of Childhood Brain Stem Glioma

    The plan for cancer treatment depends on whether the tumor is in one area of the brain or has spread all through the brain.

    Staging is the process used to find out how much cancer there is and if cancer has spread. It is important to know the stage in order to plan treatment.

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    General Information About Childhood Craniopharyngioma

    Childhood craniopharyngiomas are benign brain tumors found near the pituitary gland. Childhood craniopharyngiomas are rare tumors usually found near the pituitary gland (a pea-sized organ at the bottom of the brain that controls other glands) and the hypothalamus (a small cone-shaped organ connected to the pituitary gland by nerves). Anatomy of the inside of the brain, showing the pineal and pituitary glands, optic nerve, ventricles (with cerebrospinal fluid shown in blue), and other...

    Read the General Information About Childhood Craniopharyngioma article > >

    There is no standard staging system for childhood brain stem glioma. Treatment is based on the following:

    • Whether the tumor is newly diagnosed or recurrent (has come back after treatment).
    • The type of tumor (either a diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma or a focal or low-grade glioma).

    These brain stem gliomas usually do not spread outside the brain stem.

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

    WebMD Public Information from the National Cancer Institute

    Last Updated: 8/, 015
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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