Childhood Ependymoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - General Information About Childhood Ependymoma
Childhood ependymoma is diagnosed and removed in surgery.
If the tests show there may be a brain tumor, a biopsy is done by removing part of the skull and using a needle to remove a sample of the brain tissue. A pathologist views the tissue under a microscope to look for cancer cells. If cancer cells are found, the doctor will remove as much tumor as safely possible during the same surgery. An MRI may be done after the tumor is removed to find out how much tumor remains.
Craniotomy: An opening is made in the skull and a piece of the skull is removed to show part of the brain.
Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.
The prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options depend on:
- Whether cancer cells remain after surgery.
- The type of ependymoma and whether it begins in the brain or in the spinal cord.
- The age of the child when the tumor is diagnosed.
- Whether the cancer has spread to other parts of the central nervous system, such as the meninges (membranes covering the brain) and the spinal cord.
- Whether the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, such as the bone or lung.
- Whether the tumor has just been diagnosed or has recurred (come back).