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Treatment Option Overview

    There are different types of treatment for children with ependymoma.

    Different types of treatment are available for children with ependymoma. Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment), and some are being tested in clinical trials. A treatment clinical trial is a research study meant to help improve current treatments or obtain information on new treatments for patients with cancer. When clinical trials show that a new treatment is better than the standard treatment, the new treatment may become the standard treatment.

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    Histopathologic Classification of Childhood Craniopharyngioma

    Craniopharyngiomas are histologically benign and do not metastasize to remote brain locations or to areas outside the sellar region except by direct extension. They may be invasive, however, and may recur locally. They may be classified as adamantinomatous or squamous papillary, with the former being the predominant form in children.[1] They are typically composed of both a solid portion with an abundance of calcification, and a cystic component which is filled with a dark, oily fluid. Recent evidence...

    Read the Histopathologic Classification of Childhood Craniopharyngioma article > >

    Because cancer in children is rare, taking part in a clinical trial should be considered. Some clinical trials are open only to patients who have not started treatment.

    Children with ependymoma should have their treatment planned by a team of health care providers who are experts in treating childhood brain tumors.

    Treatment will be overseen by a pediatric oncologist, a doctor who specializes in treating children with cancer. The pediatric oncologist works with other pediatric health care providers who are experts in treating children with brain tumors and who specialize in certain areas of medicine. These may include the following specialists:

    • Pediatric neurosurgeon.
    • Neurologist.
    • Neuropathologist.
    • Neuroradiologist.
    • Rehabilitation specialist.
    • Radiation oncologist.
    • Medical oncologist.
    • Endocrinologist.
    • Psychologist.

    Childhood brain and spinal cord tumors may cause symptoms that begin before diagnosis and continue for months or years.

    Childhood brain and spinal cord tumors may cause symptoms that continue for months or years. Symptoms caused by the tumor may begin before diagnosis. Symptoms caused by treatment may begin during or right after treatment.

    Some cancer treatments cause side effects months or years after treatment has ended.

    These are called late effects. Late effects of cancer treatment may include the following:

    • Physical problems.
    • Changes in mood, feelings, thinking, learning, or memory.
    • Second cancers (new types of cancer).

    Some late effects may be treated or controlled. It is important to talk with your child's doctors about the effects cancer treatment can have on your child. (See the PDQ summary on Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer for more information).

    Three types of standard treatment are used:

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