A link to a list of current clinical trials is included for each treatment section. For some types or stages of cancer, there may not be any trials listed. Check with your child's doctor for clinical trials that are not listed here but may be right for your child.
Glioma is a broad category of brain and spinal cord tumors that come from glial cells, brain cells that can develop into tumors.
The symptoms, prognosis, and treatment of a malignant glioma depend on the person’s age, the exact type of tumor, and the location of the tumor within the brain. These tumors tend to grow and infiltrate into the normal brain tissue, which makes surgical removal very difficult -- or sometimes impossible -- and complicates treatment.
These brain tumors are often diagnosed...
A clinical trial of radiation therapy followed by chemotherapy.
If a part of the tumor remains after surgery, but cancer cells have not spread within the brain and spinal cord, treatment may include the following:
A second surgery to remove as much of the remaining tumor as possible.
Radiation therapy to the tumor bed.
A clinical trial of chemotherapy given before and after radiation therapy.
If cancer cells have spread within the brain and spinal cord, treatment may include the following:
Radiation therapy to the whole brain and spine.
A clinical trial of radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
Treatment for children younger than 3 years of age
When the child is younger than 3 years, treatment may include the following:
Chemotherapy. Radiation therapy may be given later.
Radiation therapy. This may be conformal radiation therapy.
Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with newly diagnosed childhood ependymoma. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.