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Childhood Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors Treatment Overview (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Treatment of Newly Diagnosed and Recurrent Childhood Brain Tumors

The brain is made of different kinds of cells. Childhood brain tumors are grouped and treated based on the type of cell the cancer formed in and where the tumor began growing in the CNS. Some types of tumors are divided into subtypes based on how the tumor looks under a microscope. See Table 1 for a list of tumor types and staging and treatment information for newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood brain tumors.

Table 1. The Staging and Treatment of Newly Diagnosed or Recurrent Tumors According to Tumor Type or Subtype

Tumor TypeTumor SubtypeStaging and Treatment of Newly Diagnosed and Recurrent Childhood Brain Tumors
Astrocytomas and Other Tumors of Glial Origin  
Low-Grade AstrocytomasDiffuse fibrillary astrocytomaSeeChildhood Astrocytomas Treatmentfor information on low-grade astrocytomas.
Gemistocytic astrocytoma
Pilocytic astrocytoma
Pilomyxoid astrocytoma
Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma
Protoplasmic astrocytoma
Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma
High-Grade AstrocytomasAnaplastic astrocytomaSeeChildhood Astrocytomas Treatmentfor information on high-grade astrocytomas.
Anaplastic oligoastrocytoma
Anaplastic oligodendroglioma
Giant cell glioblastoma
Gliomatosis cerebri
Brain Stem Glioma  
 Diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomasSeeChildhood Brain Stem Glioma Treatment.
Focal or low-grade brain stem gliomas
Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors  
MedulloblastomaAnaplasticSeeChildhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors Treatmentfor information on medulloblastoma, central nervous system primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs), and tumors of the pineal region.
Large cell
Medulloblastoma with extensive nodularity
Central Nervous System Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors (PNETs)Central nervous system ganglioneuroblastoma
Central nervous system neuroblastoma
Tumors of the Pineal RegionPineal parenchymal tumor of intermediate differentiation
Papillary tumor of the pineal region
Central Nervous System Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor SeeChildhood Central Nervous System Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor Treatment.
Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumors  
TeratomasImmature teratomas
Mature teratomas
Teratomas with malignant transformation
Non-Germinomatous Germ Cell TumorsChoriocarcinoma
Embryonal carcinoma
Mixed germ cell tumors
Yolk sac tumor
Craniopharyngioma SeeChildhood Craniopharyngioma Treatment.
Ependymoma SeeChildhood Ependymoma Treatment.
Tumors of the Choroid Plexus  

WebMD Public Information from the National Cancer Institute

Last Updated: February 25, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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