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Neuroblastoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Recurrent Neuroblastoma

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Chemotherapy consists of moderate doses of carboplatin, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and etoposide. The cumulative dose of each agent is kept low to minimize permanent injury from the chemotherapy regimen as used in prior COG trials (COG-P9641 and COG-A3961). Older children with local recurrence with either unfavorable INPC classification or MYCN gene amplification have a poor prognosis and should be treated with an aggressive regimen of combination chemotherapy consisting of very high doses of the drugs listed above, and often also including ifosfamide and high-dose cisplatin. Both myeloablative therapy and postchemotherapy retinoic acid may improve outcome of newly diagnosed high-risk patients with a poor prognosis.[12] These modalities are commonly employed in the treatment of patients with a recurrence that augurs a poor prognosis.

Metastatic recurrence

Metastatic recurrent or progressive neuroblastoma in an infant initially categorized as low risk (see Table 1 in the Stage Information section of the summary) and younger than 1 year at recurrence, whether the patient has INSS stage 1, 2, or 4S at the time of diagnosis, may be treated according to tumor biology as defined in the prior COG trials (COG-P9641 and COG-A3961):

  1. If the biology is completely favorable, metastasis is in a 4S pattern, and the recurrence or progression is within 3 months of diagnosis, the patient is observed systematically.
  2. If the metastatic progression or recurrence with completely favorable biology occurs more than 3 months after diagnosis or not in a 4S pattern, then the primary tumor is resected if possible and 12 to 24 weeks of chemotherapy are given, depending on response.
  3. If the tumor in the infant with metastatic recurrence or progression has unfavorable INPC classification and/or is diploid, the primary tumor is resected if possible and 24 weeks of chemotherapy is given.

Chemotherapy consists of moderate doses of carboplatin, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and etoposide. The cumulative dose of each agent is kept low to minimize permanent injury from the chemotherapy regimen, as used in a prior COG trial (COG-P9641).

Any child initially categorized as low risk who is older than 1 year at the time of metastatic recurrent or progressive disease who is not in the stage 4S pattern usually has a poor prognosis and should be treated with an aggressive regimen of combination chemotherapy consisting of very high doses of the drugs listed above, and often also including ifosfamide and high-dose cisplatin. Both myeloablative therapy and postchemotherapy retinoic acid may improve outcome of newly diagnosed patients with a poor prognosis.[12] These modalities are commonly employed in the treatment of patients with a recurrence that augurs a poor prognosis.

Recurrent Neuroblastoma in Patients Initially Classified as Intermediate Risk

(Risk categories are defined in Table 1 in the Stage Information section of the summary.)

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WebMD Public Information from the National Cancer Institute

Last Updated: February 25, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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