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    Tests for Diagnosing Cancer

    The following are some common tests used to evaluate cancer:

    Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) blood test

    Barium enema

    Recommended Related to Cancer

    Introduction

    Many of the medical and scientific terms used in this summary are found in the NCI Dictionary of Genetics Terms. When a linked term is clicked, the definition will appear in a separate window. Many of the genes described in this summary are found in the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database. When OMIM appears after a gene name or the name of a condition, click on OMIM for a link to more information. There are several hereditary syndromes that involve endocrine or neuroendocrine glands,...

    Read the Introduction article > >

    Biopsy-bone

    Biopsy-breast

    Biopsy-cervical

    Biopsy-colorectal

    Biopsy-endometrial

    Biopsy-kidney

    Biopsy-liver

    Biopsy-lung

    Biopsy-lymph nodes

    Biopsy-skin

    Biopsy-testicular

    Biopsy-thyroid

    Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy

    Bone scan

    Bronchoscopy

    Cancer antigen 125 (CA-125)

    Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)

    Chemistry screen

    Chest X-ray

    Colposcopy

    Complete blood count (CBC)

    Computed tomography (CT) scan

    Cystoscopy

    Digital rectal exam

    Ductal lavage

    Endoscopy

    Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)

    Estrogen and progesterone receptor status

    Fecal occult blood test

    HER2 receptor status

    Intravenous pyelography

    Liver function tests

    Lumbar puncture

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan

    Mammogram

    Mediastinoscopy

    Pap smear

    Positron emission tomography (PET) scan

    Prostate ultrasound and biopsy

    Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test

    Sentinel lymph node biopsy

    Spinal X-ray

    Sputum cytology

    Thoracentesis

    Thyroid scan and radioactive iodine uptake test

    Ultrasound-abdomen

    Ultrasound-brain

    Ultrasound-breast

    Ultrasound-pelvis

    Ultrasound-testicles

    Ultrasound-thyroid and parathyroids

    Urine test

    WebMD Medical Reference

    Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson, MD on October 06, 2014

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