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Tests for Diagnosing Cancer

The following are some common tests used to evaluate cancer:

Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) blood test

Barium enema

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Biopsy-bone

Biopsy-breast

Biopsy-cervical

Biopsy-colorectal

Biopsy-endometrial

Biopsy-kidney

Biopsy-liver

Biopsy-lung

Biopsy-lymph nodes

Biopsy-skin

Biopsy-testicular

Biopsy-thyroid

Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy

Bone scan

Bronchoscopy

Cancer antigen 125 (CA-125)

Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)

Chemistry screen

Chest X-ray

Colposcopy

Complete blood count (CBC)

Computed tomography (CT) scan

Cystoscopy

Digital rectal exam

Ductal lavage

Endoscopy

Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)

Estrogen and progesterone receptor status

Fecal occult blood test

HER2 receptor status

Intravenous pyelography

Liver function tests

Lumbar puncture

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan

Mammogram

Mediastinoscopy

Pap smear

Positron emission tomography (PET) scan

Prostate ultrasound and biopsy

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test

Sentinel lymph node biopsy

Spinal X-ray

Sputum cytology

Thoracentesis

Thyroid scan and radioactive iodine uptake test

Ultrasound-abdomen

Ultrasound-brain

Ultrasound-breast

Ultrasound-pelvis

Ultrasound-testicles

Ultrasound-thyroid and parathyroids

Urine test

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin, MD on September 25, 2012

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