Tests for Diagnosing Cancer

The following are some common tests that may be used to evaluate cancer:

Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) blood test

Barium enema

Biopsy-bone

Biopsy-breast

Biopsy-cervical

Biopsy-colorectal

Biopsy-endometrial

Biopsy-kidney

Biopsy-liver

Biopsy-lung

Biopsy-lymph nodes

Biopsy-prostate

Biopsy-skin

Biopsy-testicular

Biopsy-thyroid

Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy

Bone scan

Bronchoscopy

Cancer antigen 125 (CA-125)

Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)

Chemistry screen

Chest X-ray

Colonoscopy

Colposcopy

Complete blood count (CBC)

Computed tomography (CT) scan

Cystoscopy

Digital rectal exam

Endoscopy

Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)

Estrogen and progesterone receptor status

Fecal occult blood test

HER2 receptor status

Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)

Intravenous pyelography

Liver function tests

Lumbar puncture

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan

Mammogram

Mediastinoscopy

Pap smear

Positron emission tomography (PET) scan

Prostate ultrasound and biopsy

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test

Sentinel lymph node biopsy

Serum electrophoresis or blood protein testing

X-ray

Sputum cytology

Thoracentesis

Thyroid scan and radioactive iodine uptake test

Ultrasound-abdomen

Ultrasound-breast

Ultrasound-pelvis

Ultrasound-testicles

Ultrasound-thyroid and parathyroids

Urine test

WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on September 06, 2016

Sources

SOURCE:

American Cancer Society.

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