If you’ve recently learned you have cancer, you probably have a lot on your mind. Your doctor may have recommended a treatment plan, and you might have concerns about what’s involved and how it will make you feel.
It’s normal to be nervous or afraid. Taking the time to learn as much as you can about the treatment and what to expect afterward can ease some of your worries, as well as give you a sense of control.
A classification system has been developed by the National Cancer Institute's PDQ Adult Treatment Editorial Board to allow the ranking of human cancer treatment studies according to statistical strength of the study design and scientific strength of the treatment outcomes (i.e., endpoints) measured. This classification system has been adapted to allow the ranking of human studies of complementary and alternative medicine treatments for cancer. The purpose of classifying studies in this way is to...
You and your doctor will decide what treatment is best for you based on the type of cancer you have, it’s location, and stage.
Some common cancer treatments include the following.
Most people with cancer will have some type of surgery. Doctors may do it to diagnose or find out the extent of the cancer. They may also do surgery to remove tumors, tissue, or areas with cancerous cells, such as lymph nodes.
In many cases, surgery offers the best chance of wiping out the disease, especially if it hasn’t spread to other parts of the body.
Certain cancers can be treated with:
laser surgery (beams of light)
electrosurgery (electric currents)
cryosurgery (the use of extremely cold temperatures to freeze cancer cells)
Your recovery from the procedure will depend on things such as:
the type and stage of your cancer
the kind of surgery performed
your overall health
You'll be given medication to block pain and may receive other meds, such as antibiotics to lower the risk of infection during or after your surgery.
Chemo uses medications to treat cancer. There are two different ways it can be given: