Head and Neck Cancers (Including Eye Cancer) Directory
Head and neck cancers are cancers that start in mouth, nose, throat, or sinus areas. They do not include brain cancer. Head and neck cancers usually begin in the cells that make up the moist, thin tissue that lines the inside of the mouth, nose, and throat. Head and neck cancers are more common in men. Smoking and chewing tobacco raise your risk for this type of cancer, particularly if you drink alcohol. Follow the links below to find WebMD's comprehensive coverage about how head and neck cancers (including eye cancer) develop, what the symptoms are, how to treat it, and much more.
What Is Throat Cancer?
From first symptoms to recovery, this is what you need to know about throat cancer.
Retinoblastoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI]-Treatment Options for Retinoblastoma
A link to a list of current clinical trials is included for each treatment section. For some types or stages of cancer, there may not be any trials listed. Check with your child's doctor for clinical trials that are not listed here but may be right for your child.Intraocular RetinoblastomaIf the cancer is in one or both eyes and it is expected that vision can be saved, treatment may include one or more of the following:External-beam radiation therapy or plaque radiotherapy .Cryotherapy with or without chemotherapy.Thermotherapy.Chemotherapy (chemoreduction).A clinical trial of intensity-modulated radiation therapy, stereotactic radiotherapy, or proton beam radiation therapy.A clinical trial of ophthalmic arterial infusion therapy.For large tumors in one or both eyes, treatment may include the following:Enucleation. Chemotherapy may be given to shrink the tumor before surgery or after surgery to lower the risk that the cancer will spread to other parts of the body.Other treatments for
Retinoblastoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI]-Treatment Option Overview
There are different types of treatment for patients with retinoblastoma. Different types of treatment are available for patients with retinoblastoma. Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment), and some are being tested in clinical trials. A treatment clinical trial is a research study meant to help improve current treatments or obtain information on new treatments for patients with cancer. When clinical trials show that a new treatment is better than the standard treatment, the new treatment may become the standard treatment. Because cancer in children is rare, taking part in a clinical trial should be considered. Some clinical trials are open only to patients who have not started treatment.Children with retinoblastoma should have their treatment planned by a team of health care providers who are experts in treating cancer in children.Treatment will be overseen by a pediatric oncologist, a doctor who specializes in treating children with cancer. The pediatric
Retinoblastoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI]-Progressive and Recurrent Retinoblastoma
Recurrent retinoblastoma is cancer that has recurred (come back) after it has been treated. The cancer may recur in the eye, in tissues around the eye, or in other places in the body.