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    Adult Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Treatment for Aggressive, Noncontiguous Stage II / III / IV Adult NHL

    The treatment of choice for patients with advanced stages of aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is combination chemotherapy, either alone or supplemented by local-field radiation therapy.[1]

    The following drug combinations are referred to in this section:

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    • ACVBP: doxorubicin + cyclophosphamide + vindesine + bleomycin + prednisone.
    • CHOP: cyclophosphamide + doxorubicin + vincristine + prednisone.
    • CNOP: cyclophosphamide + mitoxantrone + vincristine + prednisone.
    • m-BACOD: methotrexate + bleomycin + doxorubicin + cyclophosphamide + vincristine + dexamethasone + leucovorin.
    • MACOP-B: methotrexate + doxorubicin + cyclophosphamide + vincristine + prednisone fixed dose + bleomycin + leucovorin.
    • ProMACE CytaBOM: prednisone + doxorubicin + cyclophosphamide + etoposide + cytarabine + bleomycin + vincristine + methotrexate + leucovorin.
    • R-CHOP: rituximab, an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, + cyclophosphamide + doxorubicin + vincristine + prednisone.

    Standard Treatment Options for Aggressive, Noncontiguous Stage II/III/IV Adult NHL

    Standard treatment options for Aggressive, Noncontiguous Stage II/III/IV Adult NHL include the following:

    1. R-CHOP.
    2. Other combination chemotherapy.

    R-CHOP

    The following studies established R-CHOP as the standard regimen for newly diagnosed patients with DLBCL.[2] Dose intensification of R-CHOP by a 14-day versus a 21-day cycle did not result in improved outcomes.[3]

    Evidence (R-CHOP):

    1. R-CHOP showed improvement in event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) compared with CHOP alone in 399 advanced-stage patients with DLBCL older than 60 years (EFS, 57% vs. 38%; P = .002, and OS, 70% vs. 57%; P = .007 at 2 years).[4][Level of evidence: 1iiA] At 10-years' median follow-up, the OS of patients who received R-CHOP compared with patients who received CHOP was 44% versus 28%, P < .0001.[5]
    2. Similarly, for 326 evaluable patients younger than 61 years, R-CHOP showed improvement in EFS and OS compared with CHOP alone (EFS, 79% vs. 59%, P = .001, and OS, 93% vs. 84%, P = .001 at 3 years).[6][Level of evidence: 1iiA]
    3. A randomized study (DSHNHL-1999-1A [NCT00052936]) of 1,222 patients older than 60 years compared R-CHOP given every 2 weeks for six or eight cycles to CHOP given every 2 weeks for six or eight cycles.[7] With a median follow-up of 72 months, the EFS favored R-CHOP given every 2 weeks for six or eight cycles (EFS at 6 years, 74% vs. 56%; P < .0001). The OS favored R-CHOP for only six cycles because of increased toxicity in the eight-cycle arm (OS at 6 years, 90% vs. 80%; P = .0004).[7][Level of evidence: 1iiA] There was no comparison to standard R-CHOP or CHOP given every 3 weeks.
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