Childhood Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Stages of Childhood Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
In stage III childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma, cancer is found:
- in at least one area above the diaphragm and in at least one area below the diaphragm; or
- to have started in the chest; or
- to have started in the abdomen and spread throughout the abdomen, and cannot be completely removed by surgery; or
- in the area around the spine.
Stage IV childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Cancer is found in the bone marrow, brain, or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Cancer may also be found in other parts of the body.
In stage IV childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma, cancer is found in the bone marrow, brain, or cerebrospinal fluid. Cancer may also be found in other parts of the body.
Childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma is also described as low-stage or high-stage.
Treatment for childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma is based on whether the cancer is low-stage or high-stage. Low-stage lymphoma has not spread beyond the area in which it began. High-stage lymphoma has spread beyond the area in which it began. Stage I and stage II are usually considered low-stage. Stage III and stage IV are usually considered high-stage.