Grief, Bereavement, and Coping With Loss (PDQ®): Supportive care - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Cross-cultural Responses to Grief and Mourning
Grief,whether in response to the death of a loved one,to the loss of a treasured possession,or to a significant life change,is a universal occurrence that crosses all ages and cultures. However,there are many aspects of grief about which little is known,including the role that cultural heritage plays in an individual’s experience of grief and mourning.[ 1,2 ] Attitudes,beliefs,and ...
Stage 0 Cervical Cancer
Consensus guidelines have been issued for managing women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia or adenocarcinoma in situ. Properly treated, tumor control of in situ cervical carcinoma should be nearly 100%. Either expert colposcopic-directed biopsy or cone biopsy is required to exclude invasive disease before therapy is undertaken. A correlation between cytology and colposcopic-directed biopsy is also necessary before local ablative therapy is done. Even so, unrecognized invasive disease treated with inadequate ablative therapy may be the most common cause of failure. Failure to identify the disease, lack of correlation between the Pap smear and colposcopic findings, adenocarcinoma in situ, or extension of disease into the endocervical canal makes a laser, loop, or cold-knife conization mandatory. The choice of treatment will also depend on several patient factors including age, desire to preserve fertility, and medical condition. Most importantly, the extent of disease must
Colon Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Cellular Classification of Colon Cancer
Histologic types of colon cancer include the following: Adenocarcinoma (most colon cancers). Mucinous (colloid) adenocarcinoma. Signet ring adenocarcinoma. Scirrhous tumors. Neuroendocrine.[ 1 ] Tumors with neuroendocrine differentiation typically have a poorer prognosis than pure adenocarcinoma variants. References: Saclarides TJ,Szeluga D,Staren ED: Neuroendocrine cancers of the colon ...
Changes to This Summary (02 / 15 / 2013)
The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above. General Information About Adult Brain TumorsUpdated statistics with estimated new cases and deaths for 2013 (cited American Cancer Society as reference 1).This summary is written and maintained by the PDQ Adult Treatment Editorial Board, which is editorially independent of NCI. The summary reflects an independent review of the literature and does not represent a policy statement of NCI or NIH. More information about summary policies and the role of the PDQ Editorial Boards in maintaining the PDQ summaries can be found on the About This PDQ Summary and PDQ NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database pages.
Ovarian Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Description of the Evidence
BackgroundIncidence and mortalityOvarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer death among women in the United States and has the highest mortality rate of all gynecologic cancers. It is estimated that 22,240 new cases of ovarian cancer will be diagnosed in the United States in 2013, and 14,030 women will die of this disease. The median age at diagnosis is 63 years. The prognosis for survival from ovarian cancer largely depends on the extent of disease at diagnosis. The overall 5-year survival rate for ovarian cancer is lower than 50%. Only about 15% of women present with localized disease at diagnosis.[1,2]From 2005 to 2009, incidence rates decreased by 0.9% per year, and mortality rates decreased by 2.0% per year.Ovarian cancer is rare; the lifetime risk of being diagnosed with ovarian cancer is 1.38%.Types of Ovarian CancerThe term ovarian cancer encompasses a heterogeneous group of malignant tumors of ovarian origin that may arise from
Hypopharyngeal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage III Hypopharyngeal Cancer
Note: Some citations in the text of this section are followed by a level of evidence. The PDQ editorial boards use a formal ranking system to help the reader judge the strength of evidence linked to the reported results of a therapeutic strategy. (Refer to the PDQ summary on Levels of Evidence for more information.) The management of this group of patients is complex and requires ...
Breast Cancer Treatment and Pregnancy (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Treatment Option Overview
There are different types of treatment for patients with breast cancer. Different types of treatment are available for patients with breast cancer. Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment),and some are being tested in clinical trials. Before starting treatment,patients may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. A treatment clinical trial is a research study ...
Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - General Information About Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Related Summaries Note: Other PDQ summaries containing information about soft tissue sarcoma include the following: Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment Uterine Sarcoma Treatment Statistics Note: Estimated new cases and deaths from soft tissue sarcoma in the United States in 2010:[ 1 ] New cases: 10,520. Deaths: 3,920. Note: Some citations in the text of this section are followed by a level ...
Kaposi Sarcoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Epidemic Kaposi Sarcoma
Epidemic Kaposi sarcoma is found in patients who have acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Epidemic Kaposi sarcoma occurs in patients who have acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Childhood Liver Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Current Clinical Trials
Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with childhood liver cancer. The list of clinical trials can be further narrowed by location,drug,intervention,and other criteria. General information about clinical trials is also available from the NCI Web site. ...