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Cancer Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Cancer

  1. Acupuncture (PDQ®): Complementary and alternative medicine - Health Professional Information [NCI] - General Information

    Acupuncture, a complementary and alternative therapy used in cancer management,[1,2,3,4] has been used clinically to manage cancer-related symptoms, treat side effects induced by chemotherapy or radiation therapy, boost blood cell count, and enhance lymphocyte and natural killer (NK) cell activity. In cancer treatment, its primary use is symptom management; commonly treated symptoms are cancer pain,[4,5] chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (N/V),[6,7] and other symptoms that affect a patient's quality of life, including weight loss, anxiety, depression, insomnia, poor appetite, xerostomia, hot flashes, peripheral neuropathy, and gastrointestinal symptoms (constipation and diarrhea).[8,9,10] Acupuncture is acceptable and safe for children.[11]More than 40 states and the District of Columbia have laws regulating acupuncture practice. The National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine offers national certification examinations for practitioners of

  2. Colorectal Cancer Prevention (PDQ®): Prevention - Health Professional Information [NCI] - About This PDQ Summary

    Purpose of This SummaryThis PDQ cancer information summary for health professionals provides comprehensive, peer-reviewed, evidence-based information about colorectal cancer prevention. It is intended as a resource to inform and assist clinicians who care for cancer patients. It does not provide formal guidelines or recommendations for making health care decisions.Reviewers and UpdatesThis summary is reviewed regularly and updated as necessary by the PDQ Screening and Prevention Editorial Board, which is editorially independent of the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The summary reflects an independent review of the literature and does not represent a policy statement of NCI or the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Board members review recently published articles each month to determine whether an article should:be discussed at a meeting,be cited with text, orreplace or update an existing article that is already cited.Changes to the summaries are made through a consensus process

  3. Lymphedema (PDQ®): Supportive care - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Changes to This Summary (07 / 30 / 2014)

    The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.Editorial changes were made to this summary.This summary is written and maintained by the PDQ Supportive and Palliative Care Editorial Board, which is editorially independent of NCI. The summary reflects an independent review of the literature and does not represent a policy statement of NCI or NIH. More information about summary policies and the role of the PDQ Editorial Boards in maintaining the PDQ summaries can be found on the About This PDQ Summary and PDQ NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database pages.

  4. Adult Brain Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Get More Information From NCI

    Call 1-800-4-CANCERFor more information, U.S. residents may call the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) Cancer Information Service toll-free at 1-800-4-CANCER (1-800-422-6237) Monday through Friday from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., Eastern Time. A trained Cancer Information Specialist is available to answer your questions.Chat online The NCI's LiveHelp® online chat service provides Internet users with the ability to chat online with an Information Specialist. The service is available from 8:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m. Eastern time, Monday through Friday. Information Specialists can help Internet users find information on NCI Web sites and answer questions about cancer. Write to usFor more information from the NCI, please write to this address:NCI Public Inquiries Office9609 Medical Center Dr. Room 2E532 MSC 9760Bethesda, MD 20892-9760Search the NCI Web siteThe NCI Web site provides online access to information on cancer, clinical trials, and other Web sites and organizations that offer support

  5. Depression (PDQ®): Supportive care - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Overview

    Depression is a comorbid disabling syndrome that affects approximately 15% to 25% of cancer patients.[ 1,2,3,4 ] Depression is believed to affect men and women with cancer equally,and gender-related differences in prevalence and severity have not been adequately evaluated.[ 5 ] Individuals and families who face a diagnosis of cancer will experience varying levels of stress and emotional ...

  6. Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Diagnosis and Staging

    Staging and evaluation of disease status is undertaken at diagnosis and performed again early in the course of chemotherapy and at the end of chemotherapy. Pretreatment StagingThe diagnostic and staging evaluation is a critical determinant in the selection of treatment. Initial evaluation of the child with Hodgkin lymphoma includes the following:[1,2]Detailed history of systemic symptoms.Physical examination.Laboratory studies.Anatomic imaging including chest x-ray and computed tomography (CT) scan of the neck, chest, abdomen, and pelvis.Functional imaging including positron emission tomography (PET) scan.Systemic symptomsThe following three specific constitutional symptoms (B symptoms) correlate with prognosis and are considered in assignment of stage:Unexplained fever with temperatures above 38.0°C orally.Unexplained weight loss of 10% within the 6 months preceding diagnosis.Drenching night sweats.Additional Hodgkin-associated constitutional

  7. Childhood Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Cellular Classification of Childhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors

    Childhood central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors (GCTs) are a heterogeneous group of lesions that commonly arise from the pineal and/or suprasellar regions of the brain. In Western countries, GCTs represent less than 4% of primary brain tumors in children, while in series from Japan and Asia, CNS GCTs account for approximately 11% of pediatric CNS tumors.[1,2,3]The pathogenesis of intracranial GCTs is unknown. The germ cell theory proposes that CNS GCTs arise from primordial germ cells that have aberrantly migrated and undergone malignant transformation. An alternative hypothesis, the embryonic cell theory, proposes that GCTs arise from a pluripotent embryonic cell that escapes normal developmental signals and progresses to CNS GCTs.[4,5] Recent investigations comparing the genomic alterations found in GCTs are very similar, whether they are tumors of CNS, gonadal, or extragonadal origin. These findings lend support that all GCTs have common pathogenetic

  8. Cancer Genetics Overview (PDQ®): Genetics - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Familial Cancer Susceptibility Syndromes

    Individual PDQ summaries focused on the genetics of specific cancers contain detailed information about many known cancer susceptibility syndromes. Although this is not a complete list, the following cancer susceptibility syndromes are discussed in the PDQ cancer genetics summaries (listed in parentheses following the syndromes):Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome, Gorlin Syndrome, Gorlin-Goltz Syndrome, or Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome (Genetics of Skin Cancer).Bloom Syndrome (Genetics of Skin Cancer).Breast/Ovarian Cancer, Hereditary (Genetics of Breast and Ovarian Cancer).Colon Cancer, Hereditary Nonpolyposis or Lynch Syndrome (Genetics of Colorectal Cancer).Cowden Syndrome (Genetics of Breast and Ovarian Cancer; Genetics of Colorectal Cancer).Fanconi Anemia (Genetics of Skin Cancer).Hyperparathyroidism, Familial (Genetics of Endocrine and Neuroendocrine Neoplasias).Li-Fraumeni Syndrome (Genetics of Breast and Ovarian Cancer).Medullary Thyroid Cancer, Familial (Genetics of Endocrine

  9. Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - About This PDQ Summary

    About PDQPhysician Data Query (PDQ) is the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) comprehensive cancer information database. The PDQ database contains summaries of the latest published information on cancer prevention, detection, genetics, treatment, supportive care, and complementary and alternative medicine. Most summaries come in two versions. The health professional versions have detailed information written in technical language. The patient versions are written in easy-to-understand, nontechnical language. Both versions have cancer information that is accurate and up to date and most versions are also available in Spanish.PDQ is a service of the NCI. The NCI is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). NIH is the federal government's center of biomedical research. The PDQ summaries are based on an independent review of the medical literature. They are not policy statements of the NCI or the NIH.Purpose of This SummaryThis PDQ cancer information summary has current

  10. Liver (Hepatocellular) Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Health Professional Information [NCI] - nci_ncicdr0000062840-nci-header

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at or call 1-800-4-CANCER.Liver (Hepatocellular) Cancer Screening

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