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Cancer Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Cancer

  1. Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - About This PDQ Summary

    About PDQPhysician Data Query (PDQ) is the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) comprehensive cancer information database. The PDQ database contains summaries of the latest published information on cancer prevention, detection, genetics, treatment, supportive care, and complementary and alternative medicine. Most summaries come in two versions. The health professional versions have detailed information written in technical language. The patient versions are written in easy-to-understand, nontechnical language. Both versions have cancer information that is accurate and up to date and most versions are also available in Spanish.PDQ is a service of the NCI. The NCI is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). NIH is the federal government's center of biomedical research. The PDQ summaries are based on an independent review of the medical literature. They are not policy statements of the NCI or the NIH.Purpose of This SummaryThis PDQ cancer information summary has current

  2. Salivary Gland Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - nci_ncicdr0000062920-nci-header

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http://cancer.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.Salivary Gland Cancer Treatment

  3. Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - General Information About Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer

    Lip and oral cavity cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the lips or mouth. The oral cavity includes the following: The front two thirds of the tongue. The gingiva (gums). The buccal mucosa (the lining of the inside of the cheeks)

  4. PC-SPES (PDQ®): Complementary and alternative medicine - Health Professional Information [NCI] - nci_ncicdr0000404384-nci-header

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http://cancer.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.PC-SPES

  5. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Changes to This Summary (07 / 22 / 2013)

    The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.Editorial changes were made to this summary.

  6. Adult Primary Liver Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage 0, A, and B Adult Primary Liver Cancer

    Localized hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) that present either as a solitary mass in a portion of the liver or as a limited number of tumors (three nodules, each <3 cm in diameter) without major vascular invasion constitute approximately 30% of the HCC cases. The three potentially curative therapies (i.e., liver transplantation, surgical resection, and ablation techniques) are acceptable treatment options for small, single-nodule HCC in patients with well-preserved liver function. Surgery is the mainstay of HCC treatment. Resection and transplantation achieve the best outcomes in well-selected candidates and are usually considered to be the first option for curative intent.Liver TransplantationLiver transplantation is a potentially curative therapy for HCC and has the benefit of treating the underlying cirrhosis, but the scarcity of organ donors limits the availability of this treatment modality.[1]Liver transplantation is determined by the Milan criteria, which is defined as a

  7. Nutrition in Cancer Care (PDQ®): Supportive care - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Other Nutrition Issues

    Nutrition in Advanced CancerAdvanced cancer is often associated with cachexia.[1,2,3,4] Individuals diagnosed with cancer may develop new, or worsening, nutrition-related side effects as cancer becomes more advanced. The most prevalent symptoms in this population are the following:[1,2,3]Weight loss.Early satiety.Bloating.Anorexia.Constipation.Xerostomia.Taste changes.Nausea.Vomiting.Dysphagia.As defined by the World Health Organization, palliative care is an approach that improves the quality of life of patients and their families facing the problems associated with life-threatening illness, through the prevention and relief of suffering by means of early identification and impeccable assessment and treatment of pain and other problems, physical, psychosocial, and spiritual. The goal of palliative care is to give relief of symptoms that are bothersome to the patient. Although some of the symptoms listed above can be effectively treated, anorexia, though common, is a

  8. Esophageal Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Questions or Comments About This Summary

    If you have questions or comments about this summary, please send them to Cancer.gov through the Web site's Contact Form. We can respond only to email messages written in English.

  9. Breast Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Questions or Comments About This Summary

    If you have questions or comments about this summary, please send them to Cancer.gov through the Web site's Contact Form. We can respond only to email messages written in English.

  10. Mistletoe Extracts (PDQ®): Complementary and alternative medicine - Patient Information [NCI] - Questions and Answers About Mistletoe

    What is mistletoe?Mistletoe is a semiparasitic plant that grows on several types of trees, including apple, oak, maple, elm, pine, and birch. It has been used for centuries to treat medical conditions such as epilepsy, hypertension, headaches, menopausal symptoms, infertility, arthritis, and rheumatism. Mistletoe is one of the most widely studied complementary and alternative medicine therapies for cancer. In certain European countries, extracts made from European mistletoe are among the most prescribed therapies for cancer patients. These products are made and sold under brand names including:Iscador (also called Iscar).Eurixor.Helixor.Isorel (also called Vysorel).Iscucin.Lektinol (also called Plenosol).abnobaVISCUM. This summary discusses research done mainly with the European mistletoe species.The chemical makeup of mistletoe products varies, depending on many factors, including:The type of host tree on which the mistletoe plant grows.The time of year the plant is harvested.The

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