Prostate Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - General Information About Prostate Cancer
Carcinoma of the prostate is predominantly a tumor of older men: the median age at diagnosis is 72 years. Prostate cancer may be cured when localized, and it frequently responds to treatment when widespread. The rate of tumor growth varies from very slow to moderately rapid, and some patients may have prolonged survival even after the cancer has metastasized to distant sites, such as bone. The 5-year relative survival rate for men diagnosed in the United States from 2001 to 2007 with local or regional disease was 100%, and the rate for distant disease was 28.7%; a 99% survival rate was observed for all stages combined.[SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Prostate] The approach to treatment is influenced by age and coexisting medical problems. Side effects of various forms of treatment should be considered in selecting appropriate management.Many patients—especially those with localized tumors—may die of other illnesses without ever having suffered disability from the cancer, even
Melanoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage I Melanoma
Stage I melanoma is defined by the following clinical stage groupings: T1a,N0,M0 T1b,N0,M0 T2a,N0,M0 STANDARD TREATMENT OPTIONS: Current evidence suggests that lesions <2 mm thick may be treated conservatively with radial excision margins of 1 cm. A randomized trial compared narrow margins (1 cm) with wide margins (at least 3 cm) in patients with melanomas no thicker than 2 mm.[ 1,2 ] ...
Oral Cancer Prevention (PDQ®): Prevention - Patient Information [NCI] - Oral Cancer Prevention
Avoiding risk factors and increasing protective factors may help prevent cancer. Doctors cannot always explain why one person gets cancer and another does not. Most people with a certain risk factor for cancer do not actually get the disease. Avoiding cancer risk factors such as smoking,being overweight,and lack of exercise may help prevent certain cancers. Increasing protective factors ...
Nutrition in Cancer Care (PDQ®): Supportive care - Patient Information [NCI] - To Learn More About Nutrition and Cancer Care
National Cancer Institute For information from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) about nutrition and cancer treatment,see Coping with Cancer: Managing Physical Effects. For information from NCI about nutrition and cancer prevention,see the following PDQ summaries: Cancer Prevention Overview Breast Cancer Prevention Colorectal Cancer Prevention Esophageal Cancer Prevention Lung Cancer ...
Primary CNS Lymphoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Changes to This Summary (03 / 20 / 2013)
The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.Editorial changes were made to this summary.
Prostate Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Patient Information [NCI] - Get More Information From NCI
Sources of further information about Prostate Cancer Screening.
Kaposi Sarcoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Recurrent Kaposi Sarcoma
Recurrent Kaposi sarcoma is cancer that has recurred (come back) after it has been treated. The cancer may come back in the skin or in other parts of the body.
Treatment Option Overview
Surgical removal is recommended for most types of brain tumors,in most locations,and their removal should be as complete as possible within the constraints of preservation of neurologic function.[ 1 ] An exception to this role for surgery is deep-seated tumors such as pontine gliomas,which are diagnosed on clinical evidence and treated without initial surgery approximately 50% of the time. In ...
Skin Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Overview
Note: Separate PDQ summaries on Skin Cancer Prevention,Skin Cancer Treatment,and Levels of Evidence for Cancer Screening and Prevention Studies are also available. Interventions The only widely proposed screening procedure for skin cancer is visual examination of the skin,including both self-examination and clinical examination. Benefits In asymptomatic populations,the effect of visual skin ...
Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - General Information
This cancer treatment information summary provides an overview of the prognosis,diagnosis,classification,staging,treatment,and potential late therapy effects of childhood Hodgkin's lymphoma. The National Cancer Institute provides the PDQ pediatric cancer treatment information summaries as a public service to increase the availability of evidence-based cancer information to health ...