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Cancer Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Cancer

  1. Sleep Disorders (PDQ®): Supportive care - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Management

    Management of sleep disturbances should focus on treatment of problems with falling asleep, staying asleep, or early morning awakenings. Other areas to manage include symptoms from cancer and its treatment, and the identification and management of environmental and psychological factors. When sleep disturbances are caused by symptoms of cancer or treatment, measures that control or alleviate symptoms are often the key to resolving sleep disturbances. Management of sleep disturbances combines nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic approaches individualized for the patient. Nonpharmacologic Management of Sleep DisturbancesSeveral large, randomized trials and meta-analyses provide the evidence base for the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for insomnia (CBT-I).[1,2,3] Almost all of these trials have been in populations of patients without cancer. Components of CBT-I include the following:Cognitive restructuring.Behavioral

  2. Adrenocortical Carcinoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - nci_ncicdr0000269044-nci-header

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http://cancer.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.Adrenocortical Carcinoma Treatment

  3. Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - About This PDQ Summary

    About PDQPhysician Data Query (PDQ) is the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) comprehensive cancer information database. The PDQ database contains summaries of the latest published information on cancer prevention, detection, genetics, treatment, supportive care, and complementary and alternative medicine. Most summaries come in two versions. The health professional versions have detailed information written in technical language. The patient versions are written in easy-to-understand, nontechnical language. Both versions have cancer information that is accurate and up to date and most versions are also available in Spanish.PDQ is a service of the NCI. The NCI is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). NIH is the federal government's center of biomedical research. The PDQ summaries are based on an independent review of the medical literature. They are not policy statements of the NCI or the NIH.Purpose of This SummaryThis PDQ cancer information summary has current

  4. Family Caregivers in Cancer: Roles and Challenges (PDQ®): Supportive care - Health Professional Information [NCI] - About This PDQ Summary

    Purpose of This SummaryThis PDQ cancer information summary for health professionals provides comprehensive, peer-reviewed, evidence-based information about challenges and helpful interventions for caregivers of cancer patients. It is intended as a resource to inform and assist clinicians who care for cancer patients. It does not provide formal guidelines or recommendations for making health care decisions.Reviewers and UpdatesThis summary is reviewed regularly and updated as necessary by the PDQ Supportive and Palliative Care Editorial Board, which is editorially independent of the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The summary reflects an independent review of the literature and does not represent a policy statement of NCI or the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Board members review recently published articles each month to determine whether an article should:be discussed at a meeting,be cited with text, orreplace or update an existing article that is already cited.Changes to the

  5. Gerson Therapy (PDQ®): Complementary and alternative medicine - Health Professional Information [NCI] - General Information

    The Gerson therapy is a complex regimen advocated by its supporters to treat cancer and other degenerative diseases. It consists of a specialized diet to detoxify the body and rebuild the immune system, adding vitamin and mineral supplements to help in these processes. Coffee enemas are an essential part of the regimen. The therapy is named for its developer, Max Gerson, a German physician who emigrated to the United States and started a medical practice in New York City in 1938.[1,2]The Gerson therapy is rooted in the belief that cancer is a disease of the whole organism, the tumor being only a symptom of a diseased body. Gerson considered cancer to be an accumulation of several damaging factors that combine to cause the deterioration of the entire metabolic system. The goal of the Gerson therapy is to bring the body back to its normal metabolic state, or as near to this state as possible, and to keep the metabolism in natural equilibrium.[1,2]Gerson observed that cancer patients

  6. Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Get More Information From NCI

    Call 1-800-4-CANCERFor more information, U.S. residents may call the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) Cancer Information Service toll-free at 1-800-4-CANCER (1-800-422-6237) Monday through Friday from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., Eastern Time. A trained Cancer Information Specialist is available to answer your questions.Chat online The NCI's LiveHelp® online chat service provides Internet users with the ability to chat online with an Information Specialist. The service is available from 8:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m. Eastern time, Monday through Friday. Information Specialists can help Internet users find information on NCI Web sites and answer questions about cancer. Write to usFor more information from the NCI, please write to this address:NCI Public Inquiries Office9609 Medical Center Dr. Room 2E532 MSC 9760Bethesda, MD 20892-9760Search the NCI Web siteThe NCI Web site provides online access to information on cancer, clinical trials, and other Web sites and organizations that offer support

  7. Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Reproductive System

    TesticlesTesticular late effects are more likely to occur after treatment for certain childhood cancers.Treatment for these and other childhood cancers may cause testicular late effects: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).Hodgkin lymphoma.Osteosarcoma.Sarcoma.Testicular cancer.Wilms tumor.Cancers treated with total-body irradiation (TBI) before a stem cell transplant.Surgery, radiation and certain chemotherapy drugs increase the risk of late effects that affect the testicles. The risk of health problems that affect the testicles increases after treatment with one or more of the following: Surgery, such as the removal of a testicle, part of the prostate, or lymph nodes in the abdomen.Chemotherapy with alkylating agents, such as cyclophosphamide, procarbazine, and ifosfamide.Radiation therapy to the abdomen or pelvis.Total-body irradiation (TBI) before a stem cell transplant.Late effects that affect the testicles may cause certain health problems. Late effects of the testicles include

  8. Myelodysplastic Syndromes Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Treatment Option Overview

    There are different types of treatment for patients with myelodysplastic syndromes.Different types of treatment are available for patients with myelodysplastic syndromes. Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment), and some are being tested in clinical trials. A treatment clinical trial is a research study meant to help improve current treatments or obtain information on new treatments for patients with cancer. When clinical trials show that a new treatment is better than the standard treatment, the new treatment may become the standard treatment. Patients may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Some clinical trials are open only to patients who have not started treatment. Treatment for myelodysplastic syndromes include supportive care, drug therapy, and stem cell transplantation.Patients with a myelodysplastic syndrome who have symptoms caused by low blood counts are given supportive care to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life. Drug therapy

  9. Delirium (PDQ®): Supportive care - Patient Information [NCI] - Diagnosing Delirium

    Possible signs of delirium include sudden personality changes, problems thinking, and unusual anxiety or depression. When the following symptoms occur suddenly, they may be signs of delirium:Agitation.Not cooperating.Changes in personality or behavior.Problems thinking.Problems paying attention.Unusual anxiety or depression.The symptoms of delirium are a lot like symptoms of depression and dementia. Early symptoms of delirium are like symptoms of depression and dementia. Delirium that causes the patient to be inactive may appear to be depression. Delirium and dementia both cause problems with memory, thinking, and judgment. Dementia may be caused by a number of medical conditions, including Alzheimer disease. Differences in the symptoms of delirium and dementia include the following: Patients with delirium often show changes in how alert or aware they are. Patients who have dementia usually stay alert and aware until the dementia becomes very advanced.Delirium occurs suddenly (within

  10. Mistletoe Extracts (PDQ®): Complementary and alternative medicine - Patient Information [NCI] - Questions and Answers About Mistletoe

    What is mistletoe?Mistletoe is a semiparasitic plant that grows on several types of trees, including apple, oak, maple, elm, pine, and birch. It has been used for centuries to treat medical conditions such as epilepsy, hypertension, headaches, menopausal symptoms, infertility, arthritis, and rheumatism. Mistletoe is one of the most widely studied complementary and alternative medicine therapies for cancer. In certain European countries, extracts made from European mistletoe are among the most prescribed therapies for cancer patients. These products are made and sold under brand names including:Iscador (also called Iscar).Eurixor.Helixor.Isorel (also called Vysorel).Iscucin.Lektinol (also called Plenosol).abnobaVISCUM. This summary discusses research done mainly with the European mistletoe species.The chemical makeup of mistletoe products varies, depending on many factors, including:The type of host tree on which the mistletoe plant grows.The time of year the plant is harvested.The

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