Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - About PDQ
PDQ IS A COMPREHENSIVE CANCER DATABASE AVAILABLE ON NCI'S WEB SITE. PDQ is the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) comprehensive cancer information database. Most of the information contained in PDQ is available online at NCI's Web site. PDQ is provided as a service of the NCI. The NCI is part of the National Institutes of Health,the federal government's focal point for biomedical research. .
Stage IVA Cervical Cancer
The size of the primary tumor is an important prognostic factor and should be carefully evaluated in choosing optimal therapy.[ 1 ] After surgical staging,patients found to have small volume para-aortic nodal disease and controllable pelvic disease may be cured with pelvic and para-aortic radiation therapy. Five randomized phase III trials have shown an overall survival advantage for ...
Ovarian Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Patient Information [NCI] - General Information About Ovarian Cancer
Ovarian cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the ovaries. The ovaries are a pair of organs in the female reproductive system. They are located in the pelvis,one on each side of the uterus (the hollow,pear-shaped organ where a fetus grows). Each ovary is about the size and shape of an almond. The ovaries produce eggs and female hormones (chemicals that ..
Pain (PDQ®): Supportive care - Patient Information [NCI] - Physical, Integrative, Behavioral, and Psychosocial Interventions
Noninvasive physical,integrative,thinking and behavioral,and psychological methods can be used along with drugs and other treatments to manage pain during all phases of cancer treatment. These interventions may help with pain control both directly and indirectly,by making patients feel they have more control over events. The effectiveness of the pain interventions depends on the patient's ...
Paraneoplastic Neurologic Syndromes
Paraneoplastic neurologic syndromes (PNS) are a group of conditions that affect the nervous system (brain, spinal cord, nerves and/or muscles) in patients with cancer. The term "paraneoplastic" means that the neurological syndrome is not caused by the tumor itself, but by the immunological reactions that the tumor produces.
Carcinoma of Unknown Primary Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Changes to This Summary (02 / 23 / 2012)
The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.Cellular Classification of Carcinoma of Unknown PrimaryUpdated Greco et al. as reference 8.Newly Diagnosed Carcinoma of Unknown PrimaryAdded Sher et al. as reference 6.This summary is written and maintained by the PDQ Adult Treatment Editorial Board, which is editorially independent of NCI. The summary reflects an independent review of the literature and does not represent a policy statement of NCI or NIH. More information about summary policies and the role of the PDQ Editorial Boards in maintaining the PDQ summaries can be found on the About This PDQ Summary and PDQ NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database pages.
Newcastle Disease Virus (PDQ®): Complementary and alternative medicine - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Overview
This complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) information summary provides an overview of the use of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) as a treatment for cancer. The summary includes a brief history of NDV research,a review of laboratory and animal studies,the results of clinical trials,and possible side effects of NDV-based therapy. Several different strains of NDV will be discussed in the ...
Prostate Cancer, Nutrition, and Dietary Supplements (PDQ®): Complementary and alternative medicine - Patient Information [NCI] - General CAM Information
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)—also referred to as integrative medicine—includes a broad range of healing philosophies, approaches, and therapies. A therapy is generally called complementary when it is used in addition to conventional treatments; it is often called alternative when it is used instead of conventional treatment. (Conventional treatments are those that are widely accepted and practiced by the mainstream medical community.) Depending on how they are used, some therapies can be considered either complementary or alternative. Complementary and alternative therapies are used in an effort to prevent illness, reduce stress, prevent or reduce side effects and symptoms, or control or cure disease. Unlike conventional treatments for cancer, complementary and alternative therapies are often not covered by insurance companies. Patients should check with their insurance provider to find out about coverage for complementary and alternative therapies. Cancer patients
Family Caregivers in Cancer (PDQ®): Supportive care - Patient Information [NCI] - Assessing Caregiver Needs
Caregiver assessment is done to find out if the caregiver needs support in the caregiving role. Caregiver assessment helps the health care team understand the caregiver's everyday life,recognize the many jobs done by the caregiver,and look for signs of caregiver strain. Caregiver strain occurs when caregivers are not comfortable in their roles or feel they cannot handle everything they need ...
Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Recurrent Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer
Recurrent paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer is cancer that has come back after it has been treated. The cancer may come back in the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity or in other parts of the body.