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    Cancer Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to Cancer

    1. Why Hormone Receptors Matter in Breast Cancer

      Why your doctor checks on your "hormone receptors" if you have breast cancer.

    2. Skin Cancer

      Basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma have been linked to chronic sun exposure, typically in fair-skinned people who work outside. Melanoma is associated with infrequent but excessive sunbathing that causes scorching sunburn.

    3. Less Common Skin Cancers

      Uncommon types of skin cancer include Kaposi's sarcoma, mainly seen in people with weakened immune systems.

    4. Malignant Melanoma

      Malignant melanoma. Less than 2 percent of all melanomas occur during childhood. Nonetheless, attention must be paid to signs and symptoms suggestive of this potentially fatal disease. Variegations of color are of particular concern. Irregular or notched borders, bleeding, and ulceration are other signs of malignant change. The patient may give a history of itching, and the parents may have noted rapid growth of the lesion. Because the prognosis of a melanoma is most closely related to the thickness of the lesion at the time of treatment, emphasis should be on early diagnosis.

    5. Squamous Cell Carcinoma

      Squamous cell carcinoma. A round nodule with central hyperkeratosis, firm and indolent. This lesion cannot be distinguished clinically from keratoacanthoma; it is easily distinguished from nodular BCC because BCC does not develop hyperkeratosis.

    6. Lentigo Maligna Melanoma

      Lentigo maligna melanoma. A large lentigo maligna on the left cheek with the typical variegation in color. The lesion is flat, macular, and represents in situ melanoma. In the center of the irregular lesion there is a pitch-black nodule indicating a switch from the radial to the vertical growth phase and thus invasiveness: the lesion is now called lentigo maligna melanoma.

    7. 12 Questions to Ask if Colon Cancer Is in Your Liver

      When your doctor tells you that colon cancer has spread to your liver, you can use these questions to help you get the information you need to make decisions about your next steps, including prognosis, treatment options, and side effects.

    8. Squamous Cell Carcinoma

      Invasive squamous cell carcinoma on the right neck.

    9. Squamous Cell Carcinoma on the Calf

      Squamous cell carcinoma in situ: Bowen's disease. A large, sharply demarcated, scaly, erythematous plaque simulating a psoriatic lesion on the calf.

    10. What’s the Outlook for Stage IV Colon Cancer?

      Statistics don't tell the whole story about stage IV colon cancer. Learn what to expect after you're diagnosed.

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