Tea May Fight Ovarian, Breast Cancers
Broccoli, Kale Also Potent Sources of Cancer-Fighting Flavonoids
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Kaempferol Fights Ovarian Cancer continued...
Gates says she'd like to see further research in this area. "If confirmed, flavonoid consumption would provide an important target for ovarian cancer protection," she says.
To look at the flavonoid-breast cancer link, Fink studied data from a large study of breast cancer rates and risk factors conducted among women living on Long Island, N.Y., in the mid-1990s. In 1996 and 1997, nearly 3,000 participants were interviewed at home about their lifestyle habits and given questionnaires that asked what they ate and how much they ate.
The study showed that postmenopausal women who consumed the most flavonoids were 46% less likely to develop breast cancer, compared with those who consumed the least. But the potent chemicals had no effect on risk in premenopausal women.
When the researchers looked at specific flavonoids in the postmenopausal women, they found that flavones reduce breast cancer risk by 39%, flavan-3-ols by 26%, and lignans by 31%.
In addition to tea, green salad, tomatoes, and apples are good sources of the breast cancer-fighting flavonoids, Fink says.
Other flavonoids, such as flavanones, isoflavones, and anthocyanidins, showed no relationship to cancer risk.
"Tiny differences in chemical structure could determine why one flavonoid is protective and one is not," he says. "More study is needed."
Promising Area of Research
Cedric Garland, DrPH, a preventive medicine specialist at the University of California, San Diego, says flavonoids are a promising area of research for cancer prevention. He notes that flavonoids are available in supplement form.
The problem: "The research is only beginning to be done so we don't yet know how much to recommend," he tells WebMD.
In the meantime, your best bet may be a plate of broccoli washed down with a cup of tea.