CDC: More Cancer Screenings Needed to Save Lives
Colon Cancer Screenings and Mammograms on the Rise, but There's Room for Improvement
'Katie Couric Effect' continued...
Couric, a CBS News anchorwoman, underwent a colonoscopy on live television in March 2000. She became a strong advocate for screening after her husband, then 42-year-old lawyer Jay Monahan, died of the disease in 1998.
After she had the televised procedure, "we had a bump in screening and that has continued to rise," Frieden said. "Public education, such as Katie Couric did, can have a major role."
The new report also says that for colorectal cancer screening:
- Insured adults had higher screening rates than the uninsured, 66% to 36%.
- Highest screening prevalence was found in the Northeast, at 74% in Maine, Delaware, and Massachusetts.
- The lowest prevalence occurred in the central and Western regions in Oklahoma (53%), Arkansas (53%), and Idaho (54%).
- Lowest screening prevalence was among the uninsured, 36%.
- People with a low income and those with less than a high school education had lower prevalence of screening (48%, 46%).
The report also breaks down the most recent data for breast cancer screening:
- 81% of women 50-74 said they had had a mammogram within the past two years.
- American Indian and Alaska Native women had the lowest prevalence for mammography screening at 70%.
- Women with less than a high school education and women with low income had lower prevalence of screening.
- Nevada and Mississippi, at 72%, had the lowest mammography screening prevalence, with Idaho slightly better at 73%.
- Insured women had a 28% higher screening prevalence than uninsured women, 84% vs. 56%. Among women with health insurance, 16% were not up-to-date with mammograms.
Other findings include:
- Doctors' recommendations for screenings are an important but underused motivator.
- The health care reform bill is likely to reduce financial barriers to screening by eliminating cost sharing and expanding insurance coverage.
- In 2006, more than 139,000 new cases of colorectal cancer were diagnosed and more than 53,000 people died from the disease.
- In 2006, more than 191,000 women were diagnosed with invasive breast cancer, and more than 40,000 died from the disease.
With reporting from WebMD Senior Writer Daniel DeNoon.