Pancreatic Cancer Treatments by Stage
WebMD looks into both routinely used and emerging treatments for pancreatic cancer.
Pancreatic Cancer Overview
WebMD explains pancreatic cancer, including types, statistics, and risk factors.
Pancreatic Cancer - General Information About Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors)
Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors form in hormone-making cells (islet cells) of the pancreas.The pancreas is a gland about 6 inches long that is shaped like a thin pear lying on its side. The wider end of the pancreas is called the head, the middle section is called the body, and the narrow end is called the tail. The pancreas lies behind the stomach and in front of the spine. Anatomy of the pancreas. The pancreas has three areas: head, body, and tail. It is found in the abdomen near the stomach, intestines, and other organs. There are two kinds of cells in the pancreas:Endocrine pancreas cells make several kinds of hormones (chemicals that control the actions of certain cells or organs in the body), such as insulin to control blood sugar. They cluster together in many small groups (islets) throughout the pancreas. Endocrine pancreas cells are also called islet cells or islets of Langerhans. Exocrine pancreas cells make enzymes that are released into the small intestine to help the
Pancreatic Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Recurrent Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Recurrent pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are tumors that have recurred (come back) after being treated. The tumors may come back in the pancreas or in other parts of the body.
Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors) Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Cellular Classification of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors)
Table 1. Endocrine Tumors of the PancreasIslet CellsSecreted Active AgentTumor and SyndromeACTH = adrenocorticotropin; MSH = melanocyte-stimulating hormone; VIP = vasoactive intestinal peptide; WDHA = watery diarrhea, hypokalemia, and achlorhydria; 5-HT = serotonin.AlphaGlucagonGlucagonoma (diabetes, dermatitis)BetaInsulinInsulinoma (hypoglycemia)DeltaSomatostatinSomatostatinoma (mild diabetes); diarrhea/steatorrhea; gallstonesDGastrinGastrinoma (peptic ulcer disease)A -> DVIP and/or other undefined mediatorsWDHA5-HTACTHMSHCarcinoidCushing syndromeHyperpigmentationInteracinar CellsSecreted Active AgentTumor and SyndromeFPancreatic polypeptideMultiple hormonal syndromesEC5-HTCarcinoid
Pancreatic Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - General Information About Pancreatic Cancer
Pancreatic cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the pancreas. The pancreas is a gland about 6 inches long that is shaped like a thin pear lying on its side. The wider end of the pancreas is called the head,the middle section is called the body,and the narrow end is called the tail. The pancreas lies behind the stomach and in front of the spine. The ...
Pancreatic Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Cellular Classification of Pancreatic Cancer
Pancreatic cancer includes the following carcinomas:MalignantDuct cell carcinoma (90% of all cases).Acinar cell carcinoma.Adenosquamous carcinoma.Cystadenocarcinoma (serous and mucinous types).Giant cell carcinoma.Invasive adenocarcinoma associated with cystic mucinous neoplasm or intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm.Mixed type (ductal-endocrine or acinar-endocrine).Mucinous carcinoma.Pancreatoblastoma.Papillary-cystic neoplasm (Frantz tumor). This tumor has lower malignant potential and may be cured with surgery alone.[1,2]Papillary mucinous carcinoma.Signet ring carcinoma.Small cell carcinoma.Unclassified.Undifferentiated carcinoma.Borderline Malignancies Intraductal papillary mucinous tumor with dysplasia.Mucinous cystic tumor with dysplasia.Pseudopapillary solid tumor.References: Sanchez JA, Newman KD, Eichelberger MR, et al.: The papillary-cystic neoplasm of the pancreas. An increasingly recognized clinicopathologic entity. Arch Surg 125 (11): 1502-5, 1990. Warshaw AL,
Pancreatic Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Stages of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
The plan for cancer treatment depends on where the NET is found in the pancreas and whether it has spread. The process used to find out if cancer has spread within the pancreas or to other parts of the body is called staging. The results of the tests and procedures used to diagnose pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are also used to find out whether the cancer has spread. See the General Information section for a description of these tests and procedures. Although there is a standard staging system for pancreatic NETs, it is not used to plan treatment. Treatment of pancreatic NETs is based on the following: Whether the cancer is found in one place in the pancreas.Whether the cancer is found in several places in the pancreas.Whether the cancer has spread to lymph nodes near the pancreas or to other parts of the body such as the liver, lung, peritoneum, or bone.There are three ways that cancer spreads in the body.The three ways that cancer spreads in the body are:Through tissue.
Pancreatic Cancer - Treatment Option Overview
There are different types of treatment for patients with pancreatic NETs. Different types of treatments are available for patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment), and some are being tested in clinical trials. A treatment clinical trial is a research study meant to help improve current treatments or obtain information on new treatments for patients with cancer. When clinical trials show that a new treatment is better than the standard treatment, the new treatment may become the standard treatment. Patients may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Some clinical trials are open only to patients who have not started treatment.Six types of standard treatment are used:Surgery An operation may be done to remove the tumor. One of the following types of surgery may be used:Enucleation: Surgery to remove the tumor only. This may be done when cancer occurs in one place in the
Pancreatic Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Get More Information From NCI
Call 1-800-4-CANCERFor more information, U.S. residents may call the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) Cancer Information Service toll-free at 1-800-4-CANCER (1-800-422-6237) Monday through Friday from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., Eastern Time. A trained Cancer Information Specialist is available to answer your questions.Chat online The NCI's LiveHelp® online chat service provides Internet users with the ability to chat online with an Information Specialist. The service is available from 8:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m. Eastern time, Monday through Friday. Information Specialists can help Internet users find information on NCI Web sites and answer questions about cancer. Write to usFor more information from the NCI, please write to this address:NCI Public Inquiries Office9609 Medical Center Dr. Room 2E532 MSC 9760Bethesda, MD 20892-9760Search the NCI Web siteThe NCI Web site provides online access to information on cancer, clinical trials, and other Web sites and organizations that offer support