Questions and Answers About Chemotherapy
Can I miss a dose of chemotherapy?
It is not good to skip a chemotherapy treatment. But sometimes your doctor
or nurse may change your chemotherapy schedule. This can be due to side effects
you are having. If this happens, your doctor or nurse will explain what to do
and when to start treatment again.
How is chemotherapy given?
Chemotherapy may be given in many ways.
- Injection. The chemotherapy is given by a shot in a muscle
in your arm, thigh, or hip or right under the skin in the fatty part of your
arm, leg, or belly.
- Intra-arterial (IA). The chemotherapy goes directly into
the artery that is feeding the cancer.
- Intraperitoneal (IP). The chemotherapy goes directly into
the peritoneal cavity (the area that contains organs such as your intestines,
stomach, liver, and ovaries).
- Intravenous (IV). The chemotherapy goes directly into a
- Topically. The chemotherapy comes in a cream that you rub
onto your skin.
- Orally. The chemotherapy comes in pills, capsules, or
liquids that you swallow.
Things to know about getting chemotherapy through an IV
Chemotherapy is often given through a thin needle that is placed in a vein
on your hand or lower arm. Your nurse will put the needle in at the start of
each treatment and remove it when treatment is over. Let your doctor or nurse
know right away if you feel pain or burning while you are getting IV
IV chemotherapy is often given through catheters or ports, sometimes with
the help of a pump.
- Catheters. A catheter is a soft, thin tube. A surgeon
places one end of the catheter in a large vein, often in your chest area. The
other end of the catheter stays outside your body. Most catheters stay in place
until all your chemotherapy treatments are done. Catheters can also be used for
drugs other than chemotherapy and to draw blood. Be sure to watch for signs of
infection around your catheter.
- Ports. A port is a small, round disc made of plastic or
metal that is placed under your skin. A catheter connects the port to a large
vein, most often in your chest. Your nurse can insert a needle into your port
to give you chemotherapy or draw blood. This needle can be left in place for
chemotherapy treatments that are given for more than 1 day. Be sure to watch
for signs of infection around your port.
- Pumps. Pumps are often attached to catheters or ports.
They control how much and how fast chemotherapy goes into a catheter or port.
Pumps can be internal or external. External pumps remain outside your body.
Most people can carry these pumps with them. Internal pumps are placed under
your skin during surgery.