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    Skin Biopsy

    How It Feels

    You will feel brief stinging pain when the local anesthetic is injected. You should not feel any pain when the skin sample is removed.

    Risks

    Although unlikely, there is a slight risk of infection and a slight risk of persistent bleeding. If you usually form scars after skin injuries or surgery, you could develop a scar at the biopsy site.

    After the procedure

    Your doctor will give you specific instructions on how to care for your biopsy site. Keep the biopsy site clean and dry until it heals completely.

    Your stitches will be taken out 3 to 14 days after the biopsy, depending on the biopsy site. Adhesive bandages should remain in place until they fall off. This usually takes from 7 to 14 days.

    The biopsy site may be sore or bleed slightly for several days. Ask your doctor how much bleeding or other drainage is expected. Call your doctor immediately if you have:

    • Excessive bleeding or drainage through the bandage. If excessive bleeding occurs, apply pressure to the biopsy site and contact your doctor.
    • Increased tenderness, pain, redness, or swelling at the biopsy site.
    • A fever.

    Results

    A skin biopsy is a procedure in which a sample of skin tissue is removed, processed, and examined under a microscope.

    Results from a skin biopsy usually are available in 3 to 10 days.

    Skin biopsy
    Normal:

    The skin sample consists of normal skin tissue.

    Abnormal:

    Noncancerous (benign) growths are seen. Benign growths do not contain cancer cells. Benign skin changes include moles, skin tags, warts, seborrheic keratoses, keloids, cherry angiomas, and benign skin tumors, such as neurofibromas or dermatofibromas.

    Cancer cells such as basal cell cancer, squamous cell cancer, or melanoma are present.

    Other diseases such as lupus, psoriasis, or vasculitis are present.

    A bacterial or fungal infection is present.

    Your doctor will talk with you about any abnormal results that may be related to your symptoms and past health.

    What Affects the Test

    Taking medicines, such as anti-inflammatory medicines, those used for fungal infections (antifungal medicines), and corticosteroid skin creams, can interfere with your test or the accuracy of the results.

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: September 09, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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