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Cartilage (Bovine and Shark) (PDQ®): Complementary and alternative medicine - Health Professional Information [NCI] - General Information

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To conduct clinical drug research in the United States, researchers must file an Investigational New Drug (IND) application with the FDA. To date, IND status has been granted to at least four groups of investigators, one of which was the MDA-ID-99303 trial, that is now closed, to study cartilage as a treatment for people with cancer.[7,59] Reviewed in [19] Because the IND application process is confidential and because the existence of an IND can be disclosed only by the applicants, it is not known whether other applications have been made.

In animal studies, cartilage products have been administered in a variety of ways. In some studies, oral administration of either liquid or powdered forms has been used.[20,40,41,44,45,60] Reviewed in [15,48] In other studies, cartilage products have been given by injection (intravenous or intraperitoneal), applied topically, or placed in slow-release plastic pellets that were surgically implanted.[27,28,33,34,36,39,41,43,45] Reviewed in [29,47,49] Most of the latter studies investigated the effects of cartilage products on the development of blood vessels in the chorioallantoic membrane of chicken embryos, the cornea of rabbits, or the conjunctiva of mice.[27,28,33,36,39,41,43,45] Reviewed in [29,47,49]

In human studies (MDA-ID-99303, AETERNA-AE-MM-00-02, and NCCTG-971151), cartilage products have been administered topically or orally, or they have been given by enema or subcutaneous injection.[2,3,4,7,8,9] Reviewed in AETERNA-AE-RC-99-02,[6,15,16,17,19,61] For oral administration, liquid, powdered, and pill forms have been used as described in the following closed trials, MDA-ID-99303, NCCTG-971151, and AETERNA-AE-MM-00-02.[2,3,4,7,8,9] Reviewed in [6,15,16,17,19] The dose and duration of cartilage treatment have varied in human studies, in part because different types of products have been tested.

In this summary, the brand name (i.e., registered or trademarked name) of the cartilage product(s) used in individual studies will be identified wherever possible.

References:

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This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

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Last Updated: September 04, 2014
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