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    Childhood Liver Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Treatment Option Overview


    Other Treatment Approaches

    Other treatment approaches such as transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), have been used for patients with inoperable stage III hepatoblastoma.[38,39] Chemotherapy followed by TACE followed by high-intensity focused ultrasound showed promising results in China for PRETEXT III and IV patients, some of whom were resectable but did not undergo surgery because of parent refusal.[40]

    Cryosurgery, intratumoral injection of alcohol, and radiofrequency ablation can successfully treat small (<5 cm) tumors in adults with cirrhotic livers.[41,42,43,44] Some local approaches such as cryosurgery, radiofrequency ablation, and TACE that suppress hepatocellular carcinoma tumor progression are used as bridging therapy in adults to delay tumor growth while on a waiting list for cadaveric liver transplant.[45,46] TACE has been used in a few children to successfully shrink tumor size to permit resection.[39] Transarterial radioembolization with Yttrium-90 resin beads has been used to palliate children with hepatocellular carcinoma.[47] (Refer to the PDQ summary on Adult Primary Liver Cancer Treatment for more information.)


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    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

    WebMD Public Information from the National Cancer Institute

    Last Updated: May 28, 2015
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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