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    Childhood Liver Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Stages of Childhood Liver Cancer

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    In stage 1, the cancer is found in one section of the liver. Three sections of the liver that are next to each other do not have cancer in them.

    PRETEXT Stage 2

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    PRETEXT Stage 2. Cancer is found in one or two sections of the liver. Two sections of the liver that are next to each other do not have cancer in them.

    In stage 2, cancer is found in one or two sections of the liver. Two sections of the liver that are next to each other do not have cancer in them.

    PRETEXT Stage 3

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    PRETEXT Stage 3. Cancer is found in three sections of the liver and one section does not have cancer. OR, cancer is found in two sections of the liver and two sections that are not next to each other do not have cancer in them.

    In stage 3, one of the following is true:

    • Cancer is found in three sections of the liver and one section does not have cancer.
    • Cancer is found in two sections of the liver and two sections that are not next to each other do not have cancer in them.

    PRETEXT Stage 4

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    PRETEXT Stage 4. Cancer is found in all four sections of the liver.

    In stage 4, cancer is found in all four sections of the liver.

    The following stages are used to describe liver cancer that is staged after surgery:

    Stage I and Stage II

    In stage I, the tumor was in the liver only and all of the cancer was removed by surgery.

    In stage II, the tumor was in the liver only. After the cancer was removed by surgery, a small amount of cancer remains that can only be seen with a microscope.

    Stage III

    In stage III:

    • the tumor cannot be removed by surgery; or
    • cancer that can be seen without a microscope remains after surgery; or
    • the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes.

    Stage IV

    In stage IV, the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, such as the lung or brain.

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